Archive

Trees

NOTE:  The initial posting misidentified this plant as RED BAY (Persea borbonia)

Friday Focus on Fruit: Florida Native Plant SWAMP BAY (Persea palustris)

focusfruitredbayAug2015

Larval host: Palamedes Swallowtail Butterfly (Papilio palamedes), Spicebush Swallowtail (P. troilus) and Schaus Swallowtail (P. aristodemus) also host to Redbay Psyllid (Trioza magnoliae)

Learn: http://www.fnps.org/plants/plant/persea-palustris

Where does it grow in Florida?:  http://www.florida.plantatlas.usf.edu/Plant.aspx?id=2064

Native American Ethnobotany for this genus: http://herb.umd.umich.edu/herb/search.pl?searchstring=persea+palustris

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WHAT FLORIDA NATIVE PLANT IS BLOOMING TODAY?: LAUREL OAK; DIAMOND OAK (Quercus laurifolia)

There are dozens of native oaks in Florida. This particular oak was planted by a bird and has grown quickly and with a beautiful pyramid shape. It loses it leaves slowly in January as the new leaves appear so the tree is never completely bare. The portion hanging down is a catkin and it the male flower of the tree.

larval host: Horaces Duskywing (Erynnis horatius) and White M Hairstreak (Parrhasius m-album)

Learn: http://www.fnps.org/plants/plant/quercus-laurifolia

Birds flock to this tree. One day this week I saw blue jay, titmouse, yellow rumped warbler, catbird, hairy woodpecker, red bellied woodpecker, mockingbird, grackle all with just 15 minutes of observation. I’ve had nesting doves and mockingbirds use it over the years.

Native American Ethnobotany for this genus: http://herb.umd.umich.edu/herb/search.pl?searchstring=Quercus+laurifolia

Where does it grow in Florida? http://www.florida.plantatlas.usf.edu/Plant.aspx?id=3901

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WHAT FLORIDA NATIVE PLANT IS BLOOMING TODAY?: LONGLEAF PINE TREE (Pinus palustris)

Huge cones 6-10 inches long. needles: 8-18 inches in length, 3 per bundle.

Wildlife value: “Longleaf pine forests provide excellent habitat for bobwhite quail, white-tailed deer, wild turkey, and fox squirrel. Sixty-eight species of birds utilize longleaf pine forests. Birds, and mice, squirrels, and other small mammals eat the large seeds. Ants eat germinating seeds, and razorback hogs eat the roots of seedlings. Old-growth longleaf pine stands provide nesting habitat for the endangered red-cockaded woodpecker.” source:
http://www.fs.fed.us/database/feis/plants/tree/pinpal/all.html

Learn: http://www.sfrc.ufl.edu/extension/4h/trees/Longleaf_pine/index.html

Native American Ethnobotany for this genus: http://herb.umd.umich.edu/herb/search.pl?searchstring=Pinus

Where does it grow in Florida? http://www.florida.plantatlas.usf.edu/Plant.aspx?id=3905

My take: http://nativeplantwildlifegarden.com/life-cycle-of-the-long-leaf-pine-tree/
http://www.beautifulwildlifegarden.com/pines-trees-are-for-the-birds.html

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WHAT FLORIDA NATIVE PLANT IS BLOOMING TODAY?: WILD LIME; LIME PRICKLYASH (Zanthoxylum fagara)

Pretty aromatic tree. Watch the thorns! Provides cover for fauna, fruits eaten by wildlife.

Larval host: Giant Swallowtail (Papilio cresphontes) and Schaus’ Swallowtail (Heraclides aristodemus) (in range)

Learn: http://www.fnps.org/plants/plant/zanthoxylum-fagara

Native American Ethnobotany for this genus: http://herb.umd.umich.edu/herb/search.pl?searchstring=Zanthoxylum+fagara

Where does it grow in Florida? http://www.florida.plantatlas.usf.edu/Plant.aspx?id=2804

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WHAT FLORIDA NATIVE PLANT IS BLOOMING TODAY?: SOUTHERN MAGNOLIA (Magnolia grandiflora)

Ornamental specimen tree with beautiful, creamy white, aromatic flowers. The seeds are eaten by squirrels, opossums, quail, and turkey

Learn: http://www.na.fs.fed.us/spfo/pubs/silvics_manual/Volume_2/magnolia/grandiflora.htm

Native American Ethnobotany for this genus: http://herb.umd.umich.edu/herb/search.pl?searchstring=Magnolia+grandiflora

Where does it grow in Florida? http://www.florida.plantatlas.usf.edu/Plant.aspx?id=3766

Seeds available: http://www.floridawildflowers.com/products/Scutellaria-integrifolia-%252d-Helmet-Skullcap.html

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WHAT FLORIDA NATIVE PLANT IS BLOOMING TODAY?: DAHOON (Holly) Ilex cassine

Beautiful, versatile, dioecious tree. Be sure to have a nearby male in order for the female to produce the stunning red berries. Makes a great specimen.

Learn: http://www.fnps.org/plants/plant/ilex-cassine

Native American Ethnobotany for this genus: http://herb.umd.umich.edu/herb/search.pl?searchstring=Ilex+cassine

Attracts Pollinators. multiple bird species feast on the berries throughout winter and into spring.

Where does it grow in Florida? http://www.florida.plantatlas.usf.edu/Plant.aspx?id=3866

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WHAT FLORIDA NATIVE PLANT IS BLOOMING TODAY?: EASTERN REDBUD (Cercis canadensis)

medium size tree that greets spring with it’s bright pink flowers. Does best in cooler areas of FL.

According to The Xerces Society for Invertebrate Conservation (via wildflower.org):

Special Value to Native Bees (Recognized by pollination ecologists as attracting large numbers of native bees.)
Special Value to Bumble Bees
Provides Nesting Materials/Structure for Native Bees (A plant that native bees nest beneath, within, or harvest parts from to
construct their nests.)

Learn: http://hort.ufl.edu/database/documents/pdf/tree_fact_sheets/cercana.pdf

Native American Ethnobotany for this genus: http://herb.umd.umich.edu/herb/search.pl?searchstring=Cercis+canadensis

Where does it grow in Florida? http://www.florida.plantatlas.usf.edu/Plant.aspx?id=3564

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WHAT FLORIDA NATIVE PLANT IS BLOOMING TODAY?: CHICKASAW PLUM (Prunus angustifolia)

small (to 20ft) tree. Flowers attract bees; Birds, mammals eat the fruit. This plant has runners which form thickets.

“If a single plant of similar stature and flowers is desired, consider flatwoods plum.”

Learn: http://www.fnps.org/plants/plant/prunus-angustifolia

Native American Ethnobotany for this genus: http://herb.umd.umich.edu/herb/search.pl?searchstring=Prunus+angustifolia

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WHAT FLORIDA NATIVE PLANT IS BLOOMING TODAY?: DAHOON (Ilex cassine)

perennial, evergreen holly tree. Females produce abundant fruits to feed wildlife, especially birds. reaches a height of approximately 26 feet but also works well when shaped as a shrub. It has dark green foliage with spring blooms and pretty red berries appearing in late summer and early fall. It is a favorite among the birds and is tolerant of the occasional flooding the rainy season provides and the drought of our dry season.

Learn: http://www.fnps.org/plants/plant/ilex-cassine

Dioecious: http://www.beautifulwildlifegarden.com/it%E2%80%99s-a-girl-why-sex-matters-in-a-wildlife-garden.html

Native American Ethnobotany for this genus: http://herb.umd.umich.edu/herb/search.pl?searchstring=Ilex+cassine

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WHAT FLORIDA NATIVE PLANT IS BLOOMING TODAY?: RED CEDAR (Juniperus virginiana)

a.k.a. Eastern redcedar is an evergreen tree in the cypress family. Berries provide great food for wildlife including: bluebirds, waxwings, bobwhite, quail, ruffed grouse, pheasant, wild turkeys, rabbits, foxes, raccoons, skunks, opossums, and coyotes. Cover for birds, deer and others. Deer will browse in an emergency.

Learn: http://www.na.fs.fed.us/pubs/silvics_manual/Volume_1/juniperus/virginiana.htm

Native American Ethnobotany for this genus: http://herb.umd.umich.edu/herb/search.pl?searchstring=Juniperus+virginiana

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WHAT FLORIDA NATIVE PLANT IS BLOOMING TODAY?: AMERICAN SYCAMORE; AMERICAN PLANETREE (Platanus occidentalis)

Likes it wet. Loses its leaves in winter. When I first planted it: http://www.beautifulwildlifegarden.com/neglected-tree-research.html

Learn: http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/st484

Native American Ethnobotany for this genus: http://herb.umd.umich.edu/herb/search.pl?searchstring=Platanus+occidentalis

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WHAT FLORIDA NATIVE PLANT IS BLOOMING TODAY?: LAUREL OAK (Quercus spp. likely laurifolia)

There are dozens of native oaks in Florida. This particular oak was planted by a bird and has grown quickly and with a beautiful pyramid shape. It loses it leaves slowly in January as the new leaves appear so the tree is never completely bare. The portion hanging down is a catkin and it the male flower of the tree.

Learn about Florida Native Trees: http://flame.fl-dof.com/apps/trees.php

Native American Ethnobotany: http://herb.umd.umich.edu/herb/search.pl?searchstring=quercus+laurifolia

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