Archive

Vines

WHAT FLORIDA NATIVE PLANT IS BLOOMING TODAY?: VIRGINIA CREEPER; WOODBINE (Parthenocissus quinquefolia)

Deciduous vine in the grape family provides spectacular fall color. can be grown on masonary surfaces without damage but use caution if planted near painted surfaces.

Can be grown as a ground cover but will always attempt to climb anything nearby. Freely self seeds so can be aggressive, but provides great cover and food value for wildlife especially insects and birds.

 

Berries From September 2016:

Larval Host: Moths including several Sphinx moths.

Learn: http://www.fnps.org/plants/plant/parthenocissus-quinquefolia

I’ve had Brown Thrashers successfully nest in my vine.

Learn more wildlife value: http://plants.usda.gov/factsheet/pdf/fs_paqu2.pdf

Sap may cause allergic reaction to some.

Native American Ethnobotany for this genus: http://naeb.brit.org/uses/search/?string=parthenocissus+quinquefolia

Where does it grow in Florida? http://www.florida.plantatlas.usf.edu/Plant.aspx?id=3742

From 2015: virginiacreepermay2015a

buds

buds

virginiacreeperMay2015B ###

WHAT FLORIDA NATIVE PLANT IS BLOOMING TODAY?:  GREENBRIER (Smilax sp.)

Smilax sp.

I have to wait for the berries to be sure, but this is likely S. auriculata which is a thorny vine with large edible potato-like tubers. fresh growth also edible by humans and enjoyed by rabbits. Deer and black bear also forage. berries provide food for birds and the thickets produced provide excellent cover for wildlife.

There are 12 Smilax spp. documented for Florida and all are considered native. http://www.florida.plantatlas.usf.edu/Results.aspx?cat=genus&text=smilax

Ethno: http://www.naturalmedicinalherbs.net/include/searchherb.php?herbsearch=smilax

Learn: http://www.eattheweeds.com/smilax-a-brier-and-that%E2%80%99s-no-bull/

Native American Ethnobotany for this genus: http://naeb.brit.org/uses/search/?string=Smilax

###

WHAT FLORIDA NATIVE PLANT IS BLOOMING TODAY?: CLIMBING HEMPVINE (Mikania scandens)

hempvinedec2016

Low growing vine, will climb up fences, but doesnt provide deep coverage as other vines might. Dies back.

Can be a Larval host for Little Metalmark Butterfly (Calephelis virginiensis)

Nectar Source, showy flowers, heart shaped leaves.

Learn: http://regionalconservation.org/beta/nfyn/plantdetail.asp?tx=Mikascan

Native American Ethnobotany for this genus: http://naeb.brit.org/uses/search/?string=Mikania+scandens

Where does it grow in Florida? http://www.florida.plantatlas.usf.edu/Plant.aspx?id=3395

May 2014 (jagged ambush bug is hiding in there.

May 2014 (jagged ambush bug is hiding in there.

September 2011

September 2011

August 2013

August 2013

May 2013

May 2013

###

WHAT FLORIDA NATIVE PLANT IS BLOOMING TODAY?: VIRGINIA CREEPER; WOODBINE (Parthenocissus quinquefolia)

virginiacreepermay2015aDeciduous vine in the grape family provides spectacular fall color. can be grown on masonary surfaces without damage but use caution if planted near painted surfaces.

Can be grown as a ground cover. Freely self seeds so can be aggressive, but provides great cover and food value for wildlife especially insects and birds.

Larval Host: Moths including several Sphinx moths.

Learn: http://www.fnps.org/plants/plant/parthenocissus-quinquefolia

Learn wildlife value: http://plants.usda.gov/factsheet/pdf/fs_paqu2.pdf

Sap may cause allergic reaction to some.

Native American Ethnobotany for this genus: http://naeb.brit.org/uses/search/?string=parthenocissus+quinquefolia

Where does it grow in Florida? http://www.florida.plantatlas.usf.edu/Plant.aspx?id=3742

buds

buds

virginiacreeperMay2015B ###

WHAT FLORIDA NATIVE PLANT IS BLOOMING TODAY?: CORAL HONEYSUCKLE; TRUMPET HONEYSUCKLE (Lonicera sempervirens)

Well behaved twining vine that will climb a fence, arbor or cover the ground if there is nothing to climb. Better blooms when there is support. Will retain leaves except in colder temperatures.

Attracts: hummingbirds, butterflies; fruits attract birds, great cover for rabbits/reptiles

larval host: Spring Azure Butterfly (Celastrina ladon); Giant Leopard Moth Caterpillar (Hypercompe scribonia) and Snowberry Clearwing Moth (Hemaris diffinis) (in range)

Learn: http://fnps.org/plants/plant/lonicera-sempervirens

Native American Ethnobotany for this genus: http://herb.umd.umich.edu/herb/search.pl?searchstring=Lonicera

Where does it grow in Florida? http://www.florida.plantatlas.usf.edu/Plant.aspx?id=3861

My take: http://www.beautifulwildlifegarden.com/leap-year-in-the-garden.html

###

WHAT FLORIDA NATIVE PLANT IS BLOOMING TODAY?: YELLOW JESSAMINE; CAROLINA JESSAMINE; EVENING TRUMPETFLOWER (Gelsemium sempervirens)

NOTE: All parts TOXIC!

twining evergreen vine.

Learn: http://plants.ces.ncsu.edu/plants/all/gelsemium-sempervirens/

Native American Ethnobotany for this genus: http://herb.umd.umich.edu/herb/search.pl?searchstring=gelsemium+sempervirens

Where does it grow in Florida? http://www.florida.plantatlas.usf.edu/Plant.aspx?id=874

Herbal info: http://www.henriettes-herb.com/eclectic/ellingwood/gelsemium.html

Per: http://www.webmd.com/vitamins-supplements/ingredientmono-455-GELSEMIUM.aspx?activeIngredientId=455&activeIngredientName=GELSEMIUM

“Despite serious safety concerns, the root and underground stem (rhizome) of gelsemium are used to make medicine. Gelsemium
is used as a painkiller for migraineheadaches and for face pain (trigeminal neuralgia) caused by certain facial nerves. It is
also used for asthma and other breathing problems.”
“Gelsemium is UNSAFE. All parts of the plant are very poisonous. Even small amounts can cause serious toxicity, including death. Symptoms of poisoning include headache, vision problems, difficulty swallowing, dizziness, muscle problems, seizures, breathing problems, slowing of the heart, and others.”
source:

###

WHAT FLORIDA NATIVE PLANT IS BLOOMING TODAY?: SENSITIVE BRIER (Mimosa quadrivalvis var. angustata)

Bud depicted. The leaves fold up to touch, giving this plant part of its common name.

The pink puffball flowers are pretty to look at, but beware of the hidden prickles on the stems of this low growing vine which easily grabs the skin of your ankles.

Seeds eaten by quail, songbirds, and gopher tortoises; foliage is eaten by gopher tortoises and wild turkeys. Also provides cover. (source: http://www.forestrywebinars.net/webinars/the-basics-of-longleaf-understory-establishment-enhancement/at_multi_download/relatedFiles?name=presentation.pdf)

There are two varieties (angustata and floridana) which can be differentiated by the venation of the leaves.

Where does it grow in Florida? http://www.florida.plantatlas.usf.edu/Plant.aspx?id=3370

###

WHAT FLORIDA NATIVE PLANT IS BLOOMING TODAY?: TIEVINE (Ipomoea cordatotriloba)

One of the native morning glory vines; delicate vine with easily overlooked small pink-purple flowers.

Learn: http://www.fnps.org/plants/plant/ipomoea-cordatotriloba

Larval host: Yellow-banded Wasp Moth (Syntomeida ipomoeae)

WARNING: per Deidre Miller: This plant will cause a horse to fail a drug screen at competition

Native American Ethnobotany for this genus: http://herb.umd.umich.edu/herb/search.pl?searchstring=Ipomoea

Where does it grow in Florida? http://www.florida.plantatlas.usf.edu/Plant.aspx?id=836

###

WHAT FLORIDA NATIVE PLANT IS BLOOMING TODAY?: PEPPERVINE (Ampelopsis arborea)

Fast growing, deciduous perennial with use as a ground cover or it can be trained to cover a trellis or fence. member of the grape family (Vitaceae). Can be aggressive, but is a big hit with pollinators, birds and mammals as both food source and shelter.

Learn: http://www.fnps.org/plants/plant/ampelopsis-arborea

Native American Ethnobotany for this genus: http://herb.umd.umich.edu/herb/search.pl?searchstring=Ampelopsis

Where does it grow in Florida? http://www.florida.plantatlas.usf.edu/Plant.aspx?id=980

My take: http://nativeplantwildlifegarden.com/peppervine-benefits-wildlife/

###

WHAT FLORIDA NATIVE PLANT IS BLOOMING TODAY?: CLIMBING HEMPVINE (Mikania scandens)

Low growing vine, will climb up fences, but doesnt provide deep coverage as other vines might. Dies back.

Can be a Larval host for Little Metalmark Butterfly (Calephelis virginiensis)

Nectar Source, showy flowers, heart shaped leaves. If you look closely, a jagged ambush bug is hiding in this flower.

Learn: http://regionalconservation.org/beta/nfyn/plantdetail.asp?tx=Mikascan

Native American Ethnobotany for this genus: http://naeb.brit.org/uses/search/?string=Mikania+scandens

Where does it grow in Florida? http://www.florida.plantatlas.usf.edu/Plant.aspx?id=3395

###

WHAT FLORIDA NATIVE PLANT IS BLOOMING TODAY?: SENSITIVE BRIER (Mimosa quadrivalvis var. angustata)

The leaves fold up to touch, giving this plant part of its common name.

The pink puffball flowers are pretty to look at, but beware of the hidden prickles on the stems of this low growing vine which easily grabs the skin of your ankles.

Seeds eaten by quail, songbirds, and gopher tortoises; foliage is eaten by gopher tortoises and wild turkeys. Also provides cover.

Where does it grow in Florida? http://www.florida.plantatlas.usf.edu/Plant.aspx?id=3370

Learn: http://www.forestrywebinars.net/webinars/the-basics-of-longleaf-understory-establishment-enhancement/at_multi_download/relatedFiles?name=presentation.pdf

###

WHAT FLORIDA NATIVE PLANT IS BLOOMING TODAY?: FOURLEAF VETCH (Vicia acutifolia)

Delicate vine that has a sticky feel to it and can be aggressive. Generally a spring bloomer (odd weather this year). It doesn’t stand up to heat so it disappears once summer rolls around. Good cool weather bloomer for pollinators.

Learn: http://regionalconservation.org/ircs/database/plants/PlantPage.asp?TXCODE=Viciacut

Native American Ethnobotany for this genus: http://herb.umd.umich.edu/herb/search.pl?searchstring=Vicia

Earlier photos: https://whatfloridanativeplantisbloomingtoday.wordpress.com/2013/02/07/fourleaf-vetch-vicia-spp-likely-acutifolia/

###

WHAT FLORIDA NATIVE PLANT IS BLOOMING TODAY?: CLIMBING HEMPVINE (Mikania scandens)

Photo depicts Buds. Can be a Larval host for Little Metalmark Butterfly (Calephelis virginiensis)

Nectar Source, showy flowers, heart shaped leaves. Low Growing vine that will climb a fence but doesnt provide deep coverage as other vines might. Dies back.

Learn: http://regionalconservation.org/beta/nfyn/plantdetail.asp?tx=Mikascan

Native American Ethnobotany for this genus: http://naeb.brit.org/uses/search/?string=Mikania+scandens

In Bloom from Sept 2011:

###

WHAT FLORIDA NATIVE PLANT IS BLOOMING TODAY?: PURPLE PASSIONFLOWER (Passiflora incarnata)

Also called Maypop and passionvine. A deciduous vine that climbs by tendrils. Can spread by underground runners far from initial planting, so not for every garden situation. This group shown climbing over fern fronds

Larval host plant for Gulf Fritillary Butterfly (Agraulis vanillae), Zebra Longwing (Heliconius charithonia), Variegated fritillary (Euptoieta claudia). Fruits edible by mammals, including humans.

Learn: http://fnps.org/plants/plant/passiflora-incarnata

Native American Ethnobotany for this genus: http://herb.umd.umich.edu/herb/search.pl?searchstring=Passiflora+incarnata

###

WHAT FLORIDA NATIVE PLANT IS BLOOMING TODAY?: PEPPERVINE (Ampelopsis arborea)

One of the more beneficial plants in my garden, the pollinators are drawn to it (see my article link below).

This deciduous vine is a member of the grape family and likes it moist. The fruit is enjoyed by birds and mammals and the deer will browse the leaves. The fruit turns from green to a hot pink to deep purple/black. Can be on the aggressive side but will cover a fence providing shelter for fauna.

Learn: http://www.fnps.org/plants/plant/ampelopsis-arborea

My take: http://nativeplantwildlifegarden.com/peppervine-benefits-wildlife/

Native American Ethnobotany for this genus: http://herb.umd.umich.edu/herb/search.pl?searchstring=Ampelopsis
###

WHAT FLORIDA NATIVE PLANT IS BLOOMING TODAY?: CLIMBING HEMPVINE (Mikania scandens)

Low growing vine, will climb up fences, but doesn’t provide deep coverage as other vines might. Dies back.

Sometime larval host for little metalmark (Calephelis virginiensis) butterflies

Learn: http://regionalconservation.org/beta/nfyn/plantdetail.asp?tx=Mikascan

Native American Ethnobotany for this genus: http://naeb.brit.org/uses/search/?string=Mikania+scandens

###

WHAT FLORIDA NATIVE PLANT IS BLOOMING TODAY?: MUSCADINE {grape} (Vitis rotundifolia)

Quick growing deciduous vine that will cover a fence (and anything else in its path). It is very aggressive, but provides for wildlife in the form of food and EXCELLENT cover, so worth the effort to keep it in check. Can be used to make wreaths. Dioecious so you’ll need both male and female plants to produce fruit.

berries contain several seeds so while tasty, they do require some effort (see how far you can spit the seeds). Better for use in jelly or wine.

Learn: http://www.floridata.com/ref/v/viti_rot.cfm

Native American Ethnobotany for this genus: http://herb.umd.umich.edu/herb/search.pl?searchstring=Vitis+rotundifolia

###

WHAT FLORIDA NATIVE PLANT IS BLOOMING TODAY?: SPANISH MOSS (Tillandsia usneoides)

One of the native airplants. Epiphytic meaning they live on other plants but do not take any food from them so they are not parasitic. They just use the plants or trees as support. Favored by birds as nesting materials.

Photo shows the tiny single bloom with love bugs nectaring or pollinating.

Learn: http://www.floridata.com/ref/t/till_usn.cfm

Native American Ethnobotany for this genus: http://naeb.brit.org/uses/search/?string=Tillandsia+usneoides

My take: http://web.archive.org/web/20150405020134/http://www.beautifulwildlifegarden.com/when-plants-hang-out.html

###

WHAT FLORIDA NATIVE PLANT IS BLOOMING TODAY?: EARLEAF GREENBRIER (Smilax auriculata)

Thorny vine with large edible potato-like tubers. fresh growth also edible by humans and enjoyed by rabbits. Deer and black bear also forage. berries provide food for birds and the thickets produced provide excellent cover for wildlife.

Ethno: http://www.naturalmedicinalherbs.net/herbs/s/smilax-auriculata=earleaf-greenbrier.php

Learn: http://www.eattheweeds.com/smilax-a-brier-and-that%E2%80%99s-no-bull/

Native American Ethnobotany for this genus: http://naeb.brit.org/uses/search/?string=Smilax+auriculata

###