Archive

White Blooms

WHAT FLORIDA NATIVE PLANT IS BLOOMING TODAY?: BALDWIN’S ERYNGO (Eryngium baldwinii)

a.k.a. Matted-button snakeroot, this ground vine is so tiny it can easily be overlooked. A member of the CARROT FAMILY (APIACEAE)

Butterfly larval food: Black Swallowtail: http://www.nsis.org/garden/family/carrot.html

Learn: http://pinellas.fnpschapters.org/index.php?id=Eryngiums

Native American Ethnobotany for this genus: http://naeb.brit.org/uses/search/?string=Eryngium

Where does it grow in Florida?: http://www.florida.plantatlas.usf.edu/Plant.aspx?id=2628

you can see how tiny this prostrate vine is

from 2013:

###

WHAT FLORIDA NATIVE PLANT IS BLOOMING TODAY?: SOUTHERN BEEBLOSSOM (Oenothera simulans)

synonym: Gaura angustifolia

Tall, lanky annual wildflower (3-4ft) attracts pollinators. The flowers start out white and turn pink overnight; flowers only last a day. May be aggressive as it freely self seeds.

Larval Host: Clouded Crimson Flower Moth (Schinia gaurae); HUMMINGBIRDS will nectar at this plant.

Learn: http://2bnthewild.com/plants/H59.htm

Native American Ethnobotany for this genus: http://naeb.brit.org/uses/search/?string=Oenothera

Where does it grow in Florida? http://www.florida.plantatlas.usf.edu/Plant.aspx?id=3271

My take: http://web.archive.org/web/20140729110202/http://www.beautifulwildlifegarden.com/just-in-time-for-national-moth-week.html

Clouded Crimson Moth (Schinia gaurae) uses Southern Beeblossom (Oenothera simulans) as a larval host. Shown here nectaring on Bidens alba

###

WHAT FLORIDA NATIVE PLANT IS BLOOMING TODAY?:  GREENBRIER (Smilax sp.)

Smilax sp.

I have to wait for the berries to be sure, but this is likely S. auriculata which is a thorny vine with large edible potato-like tubers. fresh growth also edible by humans and enjoyed by rabbits. Deer and black bear also forage. berries provide food for birds and the thickets produced provide excellent cover for wildlife.

There are 12 Smilax spp. documented for Florida and all are considered native. http://www.florida.plantatlas.usf.edu/Results.aspx?cat=genus&text=smilax

Ethno: http://www.naturalmedicinalherbs.net/include/searchherb.php?herbsearch=smilax

Learn: http://www.eattheweeds.com/smilax-a-brier-and-that%E2%80%99s-no-bull/

Native American Ethnobotany for this genus: http://naeb.brit.org/uses/search/?string=Smilax

###

WHAT FLORIDA NATIVE PLANT IS BLOOMING TODAY?: SAWTOOTH BLACKBERRY; PENNSYLVANIA BLACKBERRY (Rubus pensilvanicus)

SAWTOOTH BLACKBERRY; PENNSYLVANIA BLACKBERRY (Rubus pensilvanicus)

CAREFUL! Thorns! Pollinators and other Insects are drawn to the flowers, juicy berries are a favorite among birds, reptiles, insects and mammals, including me. Rabbits browse leaves as do some insects. Excellent cover.

Synonym: Rubus argutus

Learn: http://www.sfrc.ufl.edu/extension/4h/plants/Blackberry/index.html

Learn more: http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/ag238

Native American Ethnobotany for this genus: http://naeb.brit.org/uses/search/?string=Rubus

Where does it grow in Florida? http://www.florida.plantatlas.usf.edu/Plant.aspx?id=2256

###

 

WHAT FLORIDA NATIVE PLANT IS BLOOMING TODAY?: CAROLINA PONYSFOOT (Dichondra carolinensis)

Ponyfoot

Perennial Groundcover for moist to wet locations. Convolvulaceae (Morning-Glory Family).  Being cultivated in some states as an alternative to lawn.

Newly documentated for my native plant yard list (at over 200 species and counting).  It may have been a resident all these years as I may have thought it was just a seedling of the SPADELEAF (Centella asiatica) that is a favorite groundcover of mine.

Learn: http://www.regionalconservation.org/beta/nfyn/plantdetail.asp?tx=Dichcaro

Learn more: http://turfid.ncsu.edu/csPagedPdField.aspx?PlantID=DIORE

ponyfootjan2017a

Said to have medicinal qualities: https://southernherbalist.wordpress.com/2015/02/26/dichondra/

“a.k.a. Penny grass 2” Full sun, High salt tolerance.
Low-growing groundcover for edges and mass plantings. Inconspicuous flowers and evergreen foliage. Prefers moist soil.” source: http://miami-dade.ifas.ufl.edu/lawn_and_garden/fyn_pub_native_plantslist_orn_grass.shtml

ponyfootjan2017sizeWhere does it grow in Florida? http://www.florida.plantatlas.usf.edu/Plant.aspx?id=3101

Here you can see it is entwined with another great Florida native groundcover, MANYFLOWER MARSHPENNYWORT (Hydrocotyle umbellata)  The thick white roots belong to the pennywort.

Here you can see it is entwined with another great Florida native groundcover, MANYFLOWER MARSHPENNYWORT (Hydrocotyle umbellata) The thick white roots belong to the pennywort.

###

WHAT FLORIDA NATIVE PLANT IS BLOOMING TODAY?: BULLTONGUE ARROWHEAD (Sagittaria lancifolia)

BULLTONGUE ARROWHEAD (Sagittaria lancifolia)

BULLTONGUE ARROWHEAD (Sagittaria lancifolia)

this emergent plant is called Duck potato by some, but this species doesn’t have the beefy potatoe-y corms of some other Sagittaria spp. The stalk ends are said to be edible (source: http://www.eattheweeds.com/wapato-all-its-quacked-up-to-be/)

Learn: http://www.fnps.org/plants/plant/sagittaria-lancifolia

Learn more: http://plants.ifas.ufl.edu/plant-directory/sagittaria-lancifolia/

Birds/Mammals eat the fruit, attracts pollinators.

Native American Ethnobotany for this genus: http://naeb.brit.org/uses/search/?string=Sagittaria+lancifolia

Where does it grow in Florida? http://www.florida.plantatlas.usf.edu/Plant.aspx?id=2817

###

WHAT FLORIDA NATIVE PLANT IS BLOOMING TODAY?: AXILFLOWER (Mecardonia acuminata subsp. peninsularis)  low growing, dainty wildflower. This subspecies is endemic to Florida. I always find these out at the culvert.

axilflowerjan2017

axilflowerclosejan2017

Learn: http://regionalconservation.org/ircs/database/plants/PlantPage.asp?TXCODE=Mecaacumpeni

Learn more: http://2bnthewild.com/plants/H353.htm

Where does it grow in Florida? http://www.florida.plantatlas.usf.edu/Plant.aspx?id=1112

From July 2015:

axilflowerJuly2015

axilflowerjuly2015close

From May 2014:

axilflowermay2014

From October 2013:

axilfloweroct2013

From May 2013:

axilflowermay2013a

axilflowermay2013

###

WHAT FLORIDA NATIVE PLANT IS BLOOMING TODAY?: CLIMBING HEMPVINE (Mikania scandens)

hempvinedec2016

Low growing vine, will climb up fences, but doesnt provide deep coverage as other vines might. Dies back.

Can be a Larval host for Little Metalmark Butterfly (Calephelis virginiensis)

Nectar Source, showy flowers, heart shaped leaves.

Learn: http://regionalconservation.org/beta/nfyn/plantdetail.asp?tx=Mikascan

Native American Ethnobotany for this genus: http://naeb.brit.org/uses/search/?string=Mikania+scandens

Where does it grow in Florida? http://www.florida.plantatlas.usf.edu/Plant.aspx?id=3395

May 2014 (jagged ambush bug is hiding in there.

May 2014 (jagged ambush bug is hiding in there.

September 2011

September 2011

August 2013

August 2013

May 2013

May 2013

###

WHAT FLORIDA NATIVE PLANT IS BLOOMING TODAY?: WATER COWBANE (Tiedemannia filiformis)

Also referred to as Water Dropwort, it is an emersed member of the carrot family Apiaceae. In Florida, it blooms in late summer or early fall and can reach 2-3 in height Synonym: Oxypolis filiformis

Learn: http://www.nababutterfly.com/water_dropwort.html
http://regionalconservation.org/beta/nfyn/plantdetail.asp?tx=Oxypfili

Line drawing: http://web.archive.org/web/20110830191957/http://plants.ifas.ufl.edu/images/line_drawings/oxyfil2.jpg

Larval host: Black Swallowtail Butterfly and other arthropods

Where does it grow in Florida? http://www.florida.plantatlas.usf.edu/Plant.aspx?id=3233

My take: https://floridawildlifegardentails.wordpress.com/2015/08/05/aphids-are-good-wait-what/

###

WHAT FLORIDA NATIVE PLANT IS BLOOMING TODAY?: WINGED SUMAC (Rhus copallinum)

Small tree/shrub. Spreads by runners. Berries can be used in jelly and lemonade flavored drink and in producing dye.

Pollinator MAGNET! sweat bee shown

Berries enjoyed by wild turkey, grouse and many songbirds. Browsed by rabbits/deer. Larval host

Larval host: Redbanded Hairstreak (Calycopis cecrops) which uses detritus (leaf litter).
Possible host: Luna Moth (Actias luna) and Royal Walnut Moth (Citheronia regalis).

Learn: http://www.fs.fed.us/database/feis/plants/shrub/rhucop/all.html

Growing info: http://www.fnps.org/plants/plant/rhus-copallinum

Native American Ethnobotany for this genus: http://herb.umd.umich.edu/herb/search.pl?searchstring=Rhus+copallinum

Where does it grow in Florida? http://www.florida.plantatlas.usf.edu/Plant.aspx?id=3543

My take: http://nativeplantwildlifegarden.com/winged-sumacfull-of-wings/

###

WHAT FLORIDA NATIVE PLANT IS BLOOMING TODAY?: COASTALPLAIN STAGGERBUSH (Lyonia fruticosa)

Member of the heath family. important nectar source. (source:
http://www.sfrc.ufl.edu/Extension/florida_forestry_information/events_calendar/files/plant_id_workshop_booklet_pdf.pdf)

Also called rusty lyonia or rusty staggerbush. Outstanding feature is the pretty rust colored pubescense which coats the leaves of new growth. closely related to L. ferruginea which IFAS reports: “pubescence …reportedly works to protect new growth from harmful insects.” (source: http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/fp357) BUT, having seen a shrub completely defoliated by the larvae of the Datana sp. would seem to discount that theory.

Learn: http://www.fnps.org/plants/plant/lyonia-fruticosa

Larval host: Prominent Moth Caterpillar (Datana spp.)

Native American Ethnobotany for this genus: http://herb.umd.umich.edu/herb/search.pl?searchstring=Lyonia+fruticosa

Where does it grow in Florida? http://florida.plantatlas.usf.edu/Plant.aspx?id=679

My take: http://nativeplantwildlifegarden.com/the-garden-bells-are-ringing/

###

WHAT FLORIDA NATIVE PLANT IS BLOOMING TODAY?: BLACKROOT (Pterocaulon pycnostachyum)

Big with Butterflies for nectar.

Learn: http://regionalconservation.org/beta/nfyn/plantdetail.asp?tx=Pterpycn

Larval host: Everlasting Bud Moth (Eublemma minima) (source: http://lee.ifas.ufl.edu/Hort/GardenPubsAZ/Blackroot_Pterocaulon_pycnostachyum.pdf)

Native American Ethnobotany for this genus: http://herb.umd.umich.edu/herb/search.pl?searchstring=Pterocaulon

Where does it grow in Florida? http://www.florida.plantatlas.usf.edu/Plant.aspx?id=2041

###

WHAT FLORIDA NATIVE PLANT IS BLOOMING TODAY?: TENANGLE PIPEWORT (Eriocaulon decangulare)

I can always find this tall beauty rising out of the culverts in front of the house. Nice addition to flower arrangements.

Learn: http://plants.ifas.ufl.edu/node/156

Line drawing: http://plants.ifas.ufl.edu/images/line_drawings/eridec2.jpg

Where does it grow in Florida? http://www.florida.plantatlas.usf.edu/Plant.aspx?id=3553

pipewortleavesJuly2015###

WHAT FLORIDA NATIVE PLANT IS BLOOMING TODAY?: DOCTORBUSH (Plumbago zeylanica)

Low growing, vine-like which if grouped can be used as a groundcover for shade.

Learn: http://www.fnps.org/plants/plant/plumbago-zeylanica

Larval host: Cassius Blue Butterfly (Leptotes cassius)

Native American Ethnobotany for this genus: http://herb.umd.umich.edu/herb/search.pl?searchstring=Plumbago+zeylanica

Where does it grow in Florida? http://www.florida.plantatlas.usf.edu/Plant.aspx?id=2781

###

WHAT FLORIDA NATIVE PLANT IS BLOOMING TODAY?: LARGEFLOWER ROSEGENTIAN (Sabatia grandiflora)

Likes it moist and needs plenty of sun. These grow in the margin of my pond. Attract pollinators.

Learn: http://hawthornhillwildflowers.blogspot.com/2011/02/large-flowered-marsh-pink-sabatia.html

Native American Ethnobotany for this genus: http://herb.umd.umich.edu/herb/search.pl?searchstring=Sabatia

Where does it grow in Florida? http://www.florida.plantatlas.usf.edu/Plant.aspx?id=2356

My take: http://www.beautifulwildlifegarden.com/skullcaps-milk-peas-and-mutant-sabatia-spp.html

###

WHAT FLORIDA NATIVE PLANT IS BLOOMING TODAY?: AMERICAN BEAUTYBERRY (Callicarpa americana)

Showy shrub with pink/white blooms and gorgeous fruits. Boon to wildlife, particularly pollinators and birds who enjoy the pretty magenta colored fruits. Edible and fruits can be used in jelly or ink.

Learn: http://fnps.org/plants/plant/callicarpa-americana

Palmetto article 1994: Beautyberry, An Under-used Native by Scott Zona
http://www.fnps.org/assets/pdf/palmetto/zona_scott_beautyberry_an_underused_native_vol_14_no_1_spring_1994.pdf

Said to be a mosquito repellant: http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2006/07/060703091932.htm

Native American Ethnobotany for this genus: http://herb.umd.umich.edu/herb/search.pl?searchstring=Callicarpa+americana

Where does it grow in Florida? http://www.florida.plantatlas.usf.edu/Plant.aspx?id=3546

###

WHAT FLORIDA NATIVE PLANT IS BLOOMING TODAY?: WHITE LOBELIA (Lobelia paludosa)

Dainty multiple wildflowers on a single stem reaching 1-2 ft tall. Moist locations.

Learn: http://www.regionalconservation.org/beta/nfyn/plantdetail.asp?tx=Lobepalu

Native American Ethnobotany for this genus: http://herb.umd.umich.edu/herb/search.pl?searchstring=Lobelia

Where does it grow in Florida? http://www.florida.plantatlas.usf.edu/Plant.aspx?id=2079

###

WHAT FLORIDA NATIVE PLANT IS BLOOMING TODAY?: TALL YELLOWEYED GRASS (Xyris platylepis)

Despite the flower color it is still called yelloweyed grass. This is one of two species in this genus that can have white or yellow flowers (the other is X. caroliniana).

There are 24 Xyris species are listed as native to FL (ISB).

Learn: FNPS Palmetto article http://www.fnps.org/assets/pdf/palmetto/v18i2p14lee.pdf

Native American Ethnobotany for this genus: http://herb.umd.umich.edu/herb/search.pl?searchstring=Xyris

Where does it grow in Florida? http://www.florida.plantatlas.usf.edu/Plant.aspx?id=2389

Seeds for a similar species are available from Florida Wildflowers Growers Coop:

http://www.floridawildflowers.com/products/Xyris-difformis-%252d-Bog-Yelloweyed%C2%A0Grass.html

###