WHAT FLORIDA NATIVE PLANT IS BLOOMING TODAY?™: CAROLINA REDROOT (Lachnanthes caroliana)

CAROLINA REDROOT (Lachnanthes caroliana)

Great for bog, wet locations. Butterflies, especially black swallowtails and hairstreaks are drawn to this nectar source.

Green Lynx spiders often will use as nesting locations. Seeds are a favorite food of Sandhill Cranes

Roots can be used as a dye.

Learn: http://www.fnps.org/plants/plant/lachnanthes-caroliana

Where does it grow in Florida? http://www.florida.plantatlas.usf.edu/Plant.aspx?id=828

Native American Ethnobotany for this genus: http://naeb.brit.org/uses/search/?string=lachnanthes+caroliana

My take: https://floridawildlifegardentails.wordpress.com/2017/03/28/pollinator-playground-carolina-redroot/

Before bloom, similar in appearance to iris. Photos: https://whatfloridanativeplantisbloomingtoday.wordpress.com/2013/07/18/carolina-redroot-lachnanthes-caroliana/

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WHAT FLORIDA NATIVE PLANT IS BLOOMING TODAY?™: STINKING CAMPHORWEED (Pluchea foetida)

STINKING CAMPHORWEED (Pluchea foetida)

perennial; strong scent; likes wet conditions. leaves are a pretty green edged in burgundy. Attractive to Pollinators.

Learn: http://www.fnps.org/plants/plant/pluchea-spp

Native American Ethnobotany for this genus: http://naeb.brit.org/uses/search/?string=Pluchea+foetida

Where does it grow in Florida? http://www.florida.plantatlas.usf.edu/Plant.aspx?id=875

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WHAT FLORIDA NATIVE PLANT IS BLOOMING TODAY?™
Friday Focus on Fruit: Florida Native Plant DAHOON [Holly] (Ilex cassine)

Beautiful, versatile, dioecious tree. Be sure to have a nearby male in order for the female to produce the stunning red berries. Makes a great specimen.

Learn: http://www.fnps.org/plants/plant/ilex-cassine

Native American Ethnobotany for this genus: http://naeb.brit.org/uses/search/?string=Ilex+cassine

Attracts Pollinators. multiple bird species feast on the berries throughout winter and into spring.

Where does it grow in Florida? http://www.florida.plantatlas.usf.edu/Plant.aspx?id=3866

Photos of blooms:
https://whatfloridanativeplantisbloomingtoday.wordpress.com/2013/04/12/dahoon-holly-ilex-cassine/
https://whatfloridanativeplantisbloomingtoday.wordpress.com/2014/04/30/dahoon-holly-ilex-cassine-2/

My take: https://floridawildlifegardentails.wordpress.com/2018/02/09/its-a-girl-why-sex-matters-in-a-wildlife-garden/

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WHAT FLORIDA NATIVE PLANT IS BLOOMING TODAY?™: QUEEN-DEVIL (Hieracium gronovii)

Tall, lanky wildflower with fuzzy basal leaves

aka Hawkweed

Nectar source, seeds eaten by turkey. Deer and rabbit forage

perfect for pollinators.

Learn: http://www.illinoiswildflowers.info/prairie/plantx/gronov_hawkweedx.htm

Native American Ethnobotany for this genus: http://naeb.brit.org/uses/search/?string=Hieracium

Where does it grow in Florida? http://www.florida.plantatlas.usf.edu/Plant.aspx?id=3455

more photos:

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WHAT FLORIDA NATIVE PLANT IS BLOOMING TODAY?™: WATER COWBANE (Tiedemannia filiformis)

Also referred to as Water Dropwort, it is an emersed member of the carrot family Apiaceae. In Florida, it blooms in late summer or early fall and can reach 2-3 in height Synonym: Oxypolis filiformis

Learn: http://www.nababutterfly.com/water_dropwort.html
https://www.regionalconservation.org/beta/nfyn/plantdetail.asp?tx=Tiedfili

Line drawing: http://web.archive.org/web/20110830191957/http://plants.ifas.ufl.edu/images/line_drawings/oxyfil2.jpg

Larval host: Black Swallowtail Butterfly and other arthropods

Where does it grow in Florida? http://www.florida.plantatlas.usf.edu/Plant.aspx?id=3233

My take: https://floridawildlifegardentails.wordpress.com/2015/08/05/aphids-are-good-wait-what/

Take 2: https://floridawildlifegardentails.wordpress.com/2016/11/11/moving-day-black-swallowtail-butterfly/

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WHAT FLORIDA NATIVE PLANT IS BLOOMING TODAY?™: PINEBARREN GOLDENROD (Solidago fistulosa)

Tall, spreads by suckers or propagate by seed, great backdrop, but not for the small landscape.

Bees and other pollinators, spiders and treefrogs are always found enjoying this beauty.

Learn: http://hawthornhillwildflowers.blogspot.com/2010/10/pinebarren-goldenrod-solidago-fistulosa.html

Native American Ethnobotany for this genus: http://naeb.brit.org/uses/search/?string=solidago

Seeds of tamer species in this genus available: http://www.floridawildflowers.com/search.php?mode=1&search_query_adv=solidago&brand=&price_from=0&price_to=6.00&featured=&shipping

Where does it grow in Florida? http://florida.plantatlas.usf.edu/Plant.aspx?id=1023

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WHAT FLORIDA NATIVE PLANT IS BLOOMING TODAY?™: SWEETBROOM; LICORICEWEED (Scoparia dulcis)

Delicate white flowers, attractive to pollinators.

Learn: http://www.wildflower.org/plants/result.php?id_plant=SCDU3

Considered by some to be a troublesome weed, but with its interesting prospects in herbal medicine, including diabetes, one might want to reconsider.

Diabetes Alternative Medicine Research article: http://www.biomedcentral.com/1472-6882/4/16

Said to have antioxidant properties: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3877526/

Many uses shown in herbal medicines: http://www.rain-tree.com/vassourinha.htm#.UtVxo_tamCl

“Leaves are used in treatment of fever, cough, bronchitis and dental trouble.
Leaves and stems are used for diabetes.” (source: https://hort.purdue.edu/newcrop/CropFactSheets/scoparia.html)

Where does it grow in Florida? http://florida.plantatlas.usf.edu/Plant.aspx?id=3679

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WHAT FLORIDA NATIVE PLANT IS BLOOMING TODAY?: FOURPETAL ST.JOHN’S-WORT (Hypericum tetrapetalum)

One of the many Hypericum that are native to Florida. The one commonly used in over-the-counter supplements is an exotic species.

Learn: http://fnps.org/plants/plant/hypericum-tetrapetalum

Native American Ethnobotany for this genus: http://naeb.brit.org/uses/search/?string=Hypericum

Where does it grow in Florida? http://www.florida.plantatlas.usf.edu/Plant.aspx?id=654

My take: Depressed? Try St. Johns Wort in Your Garden

https://floridawildlifegardentails.wordpress.com/2016/08/10/depressed-try-st-johns-wort-in-your-garden/

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WHAT FLORIDA NATIVE PLANT IS BLOOMING TODAY?: TOOTHED MIDSORUS FERN; SWAMP FERN (Telmatoblechnum serrulatum)

 

Spreads by spores and underground runners.  Mine grows in the shade of a Swamp Bay and Wax Myrtle that are covered by Virginia Creeper.

“Once in Blechnum, this species is now put in the genus Telmatoblechnum, which comprises two species that are sister to Stenochlaena based on plastid DNA data (Perrie et al. 2014; de Gasper et al. 2016).” (source: Wunderlin, R. P., B. F. Hansen, A. R. Franck, and F. B. Essig. 2018. Atlas of Florida Plants (http://florida.plantatlas.usf.edu/). [S. M. Landry and K. N. Campbell (application development), USF Water Institute.] Institute for Systematic Botany, University of South Florida, Tampa.)

Learn:  https://www.fnps.org/plants/plant/telmatoblechnum-serrulatum

Learn more:  An Overview and Informal Key of the Ferns of Florida http://plants.ifas.ufl.edu/wp-content/uploads/files/edu/plantcamp/2015/notebook2015/supplemental/04/14_IFAS_UW217_Florida_Ferns.pdf

Where does it grow in Florida? http://www.florida.plantatlas.usf.edu/Plant.aspx?id=2592

Only occurs in Florida and Puerto Rico: https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=BLSE

TOOTHED MIDSORUS FERN; SWAMP FERN (Telmatoblechnum serrulatum)

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Friday Focus on Fruit: Florida Native Plant SENSITIVE PEA (Chamaecrista nictitans var. aspera)

A cousin to Partridge Pea, flowers somewhat smaller, plant height 1 to 1-1/2 ft. This annual is popular with pollinators. Freely self seeds. Synonym: Cassia nictitans

Learn: http://pinellas.fnpschapters.org/index.php?id=cassias

Larval host: Cloudless Sulphur (Phoebis sennae), Little Yellow (Eurema lisa) and Ceraunus Blue (Hemiargus ceraunus) Butterflies. {source: http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/uw057} and possibly Sleepy Orange (Eurema nicippe) {NABA}

Native American Ethnobotany for this genus: http://naeb.brit.org/uses/search/?string=Chamaecrista+nictitans

Where does it grow in Florida? http://www.florida.plantatlas.usf.edu/Plant.aspx?id=3223

Additional photos:
https://whatfloridanativeplantisbloomingtoday.wordpress.com/2015/09/01/sensitive-pea-chamaecrista-nictitans-var-aspera/
https://whatfloridanativeplantisbloomingtoday.wordpress.com/2014/09/07/sensitive-pea-chamaecrista-nictitans-var-nictitans/
https://whatfloridanativeplantisbloomingtoday.wordpress.com/2013/05/28/sensitive-pea-chamaecrista-nictitans/

My take: https://floridawildlifegardentails.wordpress.com/2017/03/23/enjoying-little-things-in-the-garden/

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WHAT FLORIDA NATIVE PLANT IS BLOOMING TODAY?: ALLIGATORFLAG; FIREFLAG (Thalia geniculata)

Wetlands plant. Tall, large leaves.

Learn: http://plants.ifas.ufl.edu/plant-directory/thalia-geniculata/

Larval host:  Brazilian Skipper (Calpodes ethlius)  http://www.fnps.org/plants/plant/thalia-geniculata

Native American Ethnobotany for this genus: http://naeb.brit.org/uses/search/?string=Thalia+geniculata

Learn more: http://benkolstad.net/?p=5614

Where does it grow in Florida? http://www.florida.plantatlas.usf.edu/Plant.aspx?id=3590

More photos: https://whatfloridanativeplantisbloomingtoday.wordpress.com/2017/11/13/alligatorflag/

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WHAT FLORIDA NATIVE PLANT IS BLOOMING TODAY?: PICKERELWEED (Pontederia cordata)

Long-tailed Skipper Butterfly (Urbanus proteus)

Emergent plant for shallow water.

Learn: https://fnps.org/plants/plant/pontederia-cordata

Learn more: http://aquaplant.tamu.edu/plant-identification/alphabetical-index/pickerelweed/

“The seed of pickerelweed is eaten by waterfowl. Geese and muskrats will consume the vegetation, while only fish, and to a lesser extent birds and small mammals, utilize flooded foliage for cover.” (source: https://plants.usda.gov/factsheet/pdf/fs_poco14.pdf)

Also provides nectar/pollen for Butterflies, Bees and other Pollinators

Native American Ethnobotany for this genus: http://naeb.brit.org/uses/search/?string=Pontederia+cordata

Said to be edible: http://www.pfaf.org/user/plant.aspx?latinname=Pontederia+cordata

Where does it grow in Florida? http://www.florida.plantatlas.usf.edu/Plant.aspx?id=3688

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WHAT FLORIDA NATIVE PLANT IS BLOOMING TODAY?: CATESBY’S LILY; PINE LILY (Lilium catesbaei)

Across the street behind the culvert. Always love when they bloom on my street.

Learn: http://www.fnps.org/plants/plant/lilium-catesbaei

“Listed as Threatened Plants in the Preservation of Native Flora of Florida Act. Defined as species of plants native to the state that are in rapid decline in the number of plants within the state, but which have not so decreased in such number as to cause them to be endangered.” source: (Florida):Source – Plants in the Preservation of Native Flora of Florida Act. Chapter 5B-40, Florida Administrative Code. 1998, amended.

Where does it grow in Florida? http://www.florida.plantatlas.usf.edu/Plant.aspx?id=3148

Photos from past years:

Sept 2015: https://whatfloridanativeplantisbloomingtoday.wordpress.com/2015/09/09/catesbys-lily-pine-lily-lilium-catesbaei-3/

Sept 2014: https://whatfloridanativeplantisbloomingtoday.wordpress.com/2014/09/22/catesbys-lily-pine-lily-lilium-catesbaei-2/

Sept 2013: https://whatfloridanativeplantisbloomingtoday.wordpress.com/2013/09/14/catesbys-lily-pine-lily-lilium-catesbaei/

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Friday Focus on Fruit: Florida Native Plant WINGED SUMAC (Rhus copallinum)

Small tree/shrub. Spreads by runners. Berries can be used in jelly and lemonade flavored drink and in producing dye.

Berries enjoyed by wild turkey, grouse and many songbirds. Browsed by rabbits/deer. Larval host

Larval host: Redbanded Hairstreak (Calycopis cecrops) which uses detritus (leaf litter).
Possible host: Luna Moth (Actias luna) and Royal Walnut Moth (Citheronia regalis).

Learn: http://www.fs.fed.us/database/feis/plants/shrub/rhucop/all.html

Growing info: http://www.fnps.org/plants/plant/rhus-copallinum

Native American Ethnobotany for this genus: http://naeb.brit.org/uses/search/?string=Rhus+copallinum

Where does it grow in Florida? http://www.florida.plantatlas.usf.edu/Plant.aspx?id=3543

My take: https://floridawildlifegardentails.wordpress.com/2016/08/06/winged-sumacfull-of-wings/

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Friday Focus on Fruit: Florida Native Plant GREENBRIER (Smilax sp.)

This smilax sp. has minimal prickles so is a little more gardener-friendly than some other members of the genus.

Key to 9 of Florida’s 12 smilax spp.: http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/fr375

Fruit eaten by black bear, birds and possibly others including deer.  Important cover for many species.

Learn more: http://www.sfrc.ufl.edu/extension/4h/plants/Greenbriar/

Root tuber of some species can be dried and ground into flour.

Native American Ethnobotany: http://naeb.brit.org/uses/search/?string=Smilax

Where does it grow in Florida? http://www.florida.plantatlas.usf.edu/Genus.aspx?id=1142

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Friday Focus on Fruit: Florida Native Plant AMERICAN BEAUTYBERRY (Callicarpa americana)

Showy shrub with pink/white blooms and gorgeous fruits. Boon to wildlife, particularly pollinators and birds who enjoy the pretty magenta colored fruits. Edible and fruits can be used in jelly or ink.

Learn: https://fnps.org/plants/plant/callicarpa-americana

Palmetto article 1994: Beautyberry, An Under-used Native by Scott Zona
http://www.fnps.org/assets/pdf/palmetto/zona_scott_beautyberry_an_underused_native_vol_14_no_1_spring_1994.pdf

Native American Ethnobotany: http://naeb.brit.org/uses/search/?string=Callicarpa+americana

Where does it grow in Florida? http://www.florida.plantatlas.usf.edu/Plant.aspx?id=3546

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WHAT FLORIDA NATIVE PLANT IS BLOOMING TODAY?: TALL YELLOWEYED GRASS (Xyris platylepis)

Despite the flower color it is still called yelloweyed grass. This is one of two species in this genus that can have white or yellow flowers (the other is X. caroliniana).

There are 24 Xyris species are listed as native to FL (ISB).

Learn: FNPS Palmetto article http://www.fnps.org/assets/pdf/palmetto/v18i2p14lee.pdf

Native American Ethnobotany for this genus: http://naeb.brit.org/uses/search/?string=Xyris

Where does it grow in Florida? http://www.florida.plantatlas.usf.edu/Plant.aspx?id=2389

Seeds for a similar species are available from Florida Wildflowers Growers Coop:

http://www.floridawildflowers.com/products/Xyris-difformis-%252d-Bog-Yelloweyed%C2%A0Grass.html

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Friday Focus on Fruit: Florida Native Plant NUTTALLS THISTLE (Cirsium nuttallii)

can get quite tall (4-5 ft. or more) spiny (OUCH) plant that is of great benefit to wildlife, providing for numerous insects.

Larval host: Little Metalmark Butterfly; Ive seen other notations that Cirsium spp. may be a host for the Painted lady Butterfly as well.

Learn: http://regionalconservation.org/ircs/database/plants/PlantPage.asp?TXCODE=Cirsnutt

Native American Ethnobotany for this genus: http://naeb.brit.org/uses/search/?string=Cirsium

Where does it grow in Florida? http://www.florida.plantatlas.usf.edu/Plant.aspx?id=1018

My take: https://floridawildlifegardentails.wordpress.com/2018/05/09/the-biodiversity-of-a-single-native-plant/

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