WHAT FLORIDA NATIVE PLANT IS BLOOMING TODAY?™
Friday Focus on Fruit: Florida Native Plant MUSCADINE {GRAPE} (Vitis rotundifolia)

Looks like it is time to kick my shoes off and jump into the vat.

Quick growing deciduous vine that will cover a fence (and anything else in its path). It is very aggressive, but provides for wildlife in the form of food and EXCELLENT cover, so worth the effort to keep it in check. Can be used to make wreaths. Dioecious so you’ll need both male and female plants to produce fruit.

Berries contain several seeds so while tasty, they do require some effort (see how far you can spit the seeds). Better for use in jelly or wine.

Bloom photo: https://whatfloridanativeplantisbloomingtoday.wordpress.com/2014/05/11/muscadine-grape-vitis-rotundifolia-2/

Learn: http://www.fgga.org/growing-muscadine-grapes-in-florida/

Native American Ethnobotany for this genus: http://naeb.brit.org/uses/search/?string=Vitis+rotundifolia

Where does it grow in Florida? http://www.florida.plantatlas.usf.edu/Plant.aspx?id=2026

My take: https://floridawildlifegardentails.wordpress.com/2019/03/02/the-good-in-grapevines/

###

WHAT FLORIDA NATIVE PLANT IS BLOOMING TODAY?: ELLIOTT’S MILKPEA (Galactia elliottii)

delicate, sprawling vine

Learn: http://www.fnps.org/plants/plant/galactia-elliottii

Native American Ethnobotany for this genus: http://naeb.brit.org/uses/search/?string=Galactia

Where does it grow in Florida? http://www.florida.plantatlas.usf.edu/Plant.aspx?id=3222

###

WHAT FLORIDA NATIVE PLANT IS BLOOMING TODAY?: WINGED LOOSESTRIFE (Lythrum alatum var. lanceolatum)

Likes it moist/wet. Loved by bees and other pollinators; hummingbirds.

Learn: http://www.fnps.org/plants/plant/lythrum-alatum-var-lanceolatum

Larval host: Psyche casta (bagworm moth)

Native American Ethnobotany for this genus: http://naeb.brit.org/uses/search/?string=Lythrum+alatum

Where does it grow in Florida? http://www.florida.plantatlas.usf.edu/Plant.aspx?id=3282

My take: http://floridawildlifegardentails.wordpress.com/2016/08/03/winging-it-for-pollinators/

###

WHAT FLORIDA NATIVE PLANT IS BLOOMING TODAY?: WILD COFFEE (Psychotria nervosa)

Beautiful shrub which attracts pollinators such as the Exotic European Honeybee (Apis mellifera) shown. Birds will feast on the resulting red fruits.  Said to be a Larval host for the Coffee-loving Pyrausta Moth (Pyrausta tyralis) but I have yet to find any caterpillars on this species.

Learn: http://fnps.org/plants/plant/psychotria-nervosa

Where does it grow in Florida? http://www.florida.plantatlas.usf.edu/Plant.aspx?id=2811

###

WHAT FLORIDA NATIVE PLANT IS BLOOMING TODAY?: PURPLE PASSIONFLOWER (Passiflora incarnata)

First Bloom of the 2020 season!

Also called Maypop (appropriately) and passionvine. A deciduous vine that climbs by tendrils. Can spread by underground runners far from initial planting, so not for every garden situation.

Larval host plant for Gulf Fritillary Butterfly (Agraulis vanillae), Zebra Longwing (Heliconius charithonia), Variegated fritillary (Euptoieta claudia). Fruits edible by mammals, including humans.

Learn: http://fnps.org/plants/plant/passiflora-incarnata

Native American Ethnobotany for this genus:  http://naeb.brit.org/uses/search/?string=Passiflora+incarnata

Where does it grow in Florida? https://florida.plantatlas.usf.edu/Plant.aspx?id=3464

###

WHAT FLORIDA NATIVE PLANT IS BLOOMING TODAY?: WILD LIME; LIME PRICKLYASH (Zanthoxylum fagara)

Pretty aromatic tree. Watch the thorns! Provides cover for fauna, fruits eaten by wildlife.

Larval host: Giant Swallowtail (Papilio cresphontes) and Schaus’ Swallowtail (Heraclides aristodemus) (in range)

Learn: http://www.fnps.org/plants/plant/zanthoxylum-fagara

Native American Ethnobotany for this genus: http://naeb.brit.org/uses/search/?string=Zanthoxylum+fagara

Where does it grow in Florida? http://www.florida.plantatlas.usf.edu/Plant.aspx?id=2804

###

WHAT FLORIDA NATIVE PLANT IS BLOOMING TODAY?:
Friday Focus on Fruit: Florida Native Plant BLACKBERRY (Rubus spp.)

CAREFUL! Thorns!
Pollinators and other Insects are drawn to the flowers, juicy berries are a favorite among birds, reptiles, insects and mammals, including me. Rabbits browse leaves as do some insects. Excellent cover.

Learn: http://www.sfrc.ufl.edu/extension/4h/plants/Blackberry/index.html

Learn more: http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/ag238

Native American Ethnobotany for this genus: http://naeb.brit.org/uses/search/?string=Rubus

Where does it grow in Florida? http://www.florida.plantatlas.usf.edu/Plant.aspx?id=2256

More photos:

https://whatfloridanativeplantisbloomingtoday.wordpress.com/2017/02/22/sawtooth-blackberry-pennsylvania-blackberry/

https://whatfloridanativeplantisbloomingtoday.wordpress.com/2015/01/28/sawtooth-blackberry-pennsylvania-blackberry-rubus-pensilvanicus/

https://whatfloridanativeplantisbloomingtoday.wordpress.com/2013/02/19/blackberry-rubus-spp/

###

WHAT FLORIDA NATIVE PLANT IS BLOOMING TODAY?: MEADOWBEAUTY (Rhexia sp.)

There are several different Rhexia species in Florida.

Possible host for Rufous Geometer Moth (Xanthotype rufaria) source: http://www.plumemoth.com/HabeckGeometridaePublished.pdf

Learn: http://fnps.org/plants/plant/rhexia-spp

Native American Ethnobotany for this genus: http://naeb.brit.org/uses/search/?string=Rhexia

Where does it grow in Florida?: http://www.florida.plantatlas.usf.edu/Genus.aspx?id=1045

###

WHAT FLORIDA NATIVE PLANT IS BLOOMING TODAY?:
Friday Focus on Fruit: Florida Native Plant CAROLINA CRANESBILL (Geranium carolinianum)

Photo depicts the seeds (fruit) of this Florida native. As you can see, it gets the common name from the look of the seed pods . A spring groundcover.

Annual. Flowers can appear pink or white depending on age. Photos of flowers: https://whatfloridanativeplantisbloomingtoday.wordpress.com/2019/03/23/carolina-cranesbill-geranium-carolinianum-4/

Learn: https://www.wildflower.org/plants/result.php?id_plant=geca5

Feeds deer, small mammals and birds, especially mourning doves and northern bobwhite.

Learn: https://web.archive.org/web/20071027231255/http://wildflowers.jdcc.edu/Carolina_Geranium.html

seeds are reported to have astringent, febrifuge, diuretic and nephritic properties (source: https://web.archive.org/web/20090803122522/http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/fw017)

Said to be edible but bitter: http://www.eattheweeds.com/erodium-circutarium-geranium-carolinianum-two-bills-you-want-to-get-2/

Interesting time lapse information on pollination of this plant: http://naturedocumentaries.org/3046/geranium-pollination/

Native American Ethnobotany for this genus: http://naeb.brit.org/uses/search/?string=Geranium

Where does it grow in Florida? http://www.florida.plantatlas.usf.edu/Plant.aspx?id=3848

###

WHAT FLORIDA NATIVE PLANT IS BLOOMING TODAY?: BLACKROOT (Pterocaulon pycnostachyum)

Big with Butterflies for nectar.

Learn: https://regionalconservation.org/beta/nfyn/PD_PFriendly.asp?tx=Pterpycn

Larval host: Everlasting Bud Moth (Eublemma minima) (source: http://web.archive.org/web/20100618140142/http://lee.ifas.ufl.edu/Hort/GardenPubsAZ/Blackroot_Pterocaulon_pycnostachyum.pdf)

Native American Ethnobotany for this genus: http://naeb.brit.org/uses/search/?string=Pterocaulon

Where does it grow in Florida? http://www.florida.plantatlas.usf.edu/Plant.aspx?id=2041

###

WHAT FLORIDA NATIVE PLANT IS BLOOMING TODAY?: SAW PALMETTO (Serenoa repens)

Shrub.

Excellent nectar/pollen for pollinators; Outstanding cover for wildlife, fruits enjoyed by birds and mammals.

most popular herbal treatment for enlargement of the prostate: http://web.archive.org/web/20130308082251/http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/saw-palmetto/NS_patient-sawpalmetto

Mayo Clinic has since updated information: “Studies on herbal therapies as a treatment for enlarged prostate have had mixed results. One study found that saw palmetto extract was as effective as finasteride in relieving symptoms of BPH, although prostate volumes weren’t reduced. But a subsequent placebo-controlled trial found no evidence that saw palmetto is better than a placebo.”

Where does it grow in Florida? http://www.florida.plantatlas.usf.edu/Plant.aspx?id=2664

Larval Host: Palmetto Skipper (Euphyes arpa); Monk (Asbolis capucinus)

Learn: http://regionalconservation.org/beta/nfyn/plantdetail.asp?tx=Sererepe

Native American Ethnobotany for this genus: http://naeb.brit.org/uses/search/?string=Serenoa+repens

###

WHAT FLORIDA NATIVE PLANT IS BLOOMING TODAY?: SOUTHERN BAYBERRY; WAX MYRTLE (Morella cerifera)

syn. Myrica cerifera

This shrub is a Dioecious plant, meaning that male and female reproductive structures are found on different plants, so you need at least two (one of each type) to have fruit production. This is one of the more beneficial plants to wildlife. The berries feed numerous species including bobwhites and wild turkey. It is a host plant for countless moth caterpillars. Cover and nesting site for many species as well.

Learn: https://www.fs.fed.us/database/feis/plants/shrub/morcer/all.html

Learn more: https://web.archive.org/web/20170630100034/http://lee.ifas.ufl.edu/Hort/GardenPubsAZ/wax_myrtle.pdf

Where does it grow in Florida? http://www.florida.plantatlas.usf.edu/Plant.aspx?id=3942

Many Ethnobotanical uses including as a dye and insect repellent.

Native American Ethnobotany for this genus: http://naeb.brit.org/uses/search/?string=Morella+cerifera

My Take: https://floridawildlifegardentails.wordpress.com/2017/02/08/wildly-wonderous-wax-myrtle/

Take II: https://floridawildlifegardentails.wordpress.com/2018/02/09/its-a-girl-why-sex-matters-in-a-wildlife-garden/

###

WHAT FLORIDA NATIVE PLANT IS BLOOMING TODAY?: HELMET SKULLCAP (Scutellaria integrifolia)

Spring bloomer. Readily reseeds and has now propagated from outside the fence alongside the culvert and appeared in my yard.

Learn: http://fnps.org/plants/plant/scutellaria-integrifolia

Native American Ethnobotany for this genus: http://naeb.brit.org/uses/search/?string=Scutellaria

Where does it grow in Florida? http://www.florida.plantatlas.usf.edu/Plant.aspx?id=3494

###

WHAT FLORIDA NATIVE PLANT IS BLOOMING TODAY?: CHICKASAW PLUM (Prunus angustifolia)

 

tree/shrub. Flowers, which generally appear before leaves are great for pollinators; fruits feed birds/mammals. This is one I added to my landscape.

Took quite a beating from Hurricane Irma in 2017, which included getting uprooted from the ground. Seems it is still holding its own.

Learn: http://www.fnps.org/plants/plant/prunus-angustifolia

Native American Ethnobotany for this genus: http://naeb.brit.org/uses/search/?string=Prunus+angustifolia

Where does it grow in Florida? http://www.florida.plantatlas.usf.edu/Plant.aspx?id=3855

###

WHAT FLORIDA NATIVE PLANT IS BLOOMING TODAY?:
Friday Focus on Fruit: Florida Native Plant GRASSLEAF LETTUCE (Lactuca graminifolia)

Photo depicts the seeds (fruit) of this Florida native.

host for NATIVE BEES: Dianthidium floridiense and Halictus ligatus (according to Archbold Station)

Learn: http://journals.fcla.edu/mundi/article/view/24996/24327

Good for pollinators. cant find definitive answer re edibility other than most L. spp. are bitter.

Native American Ethnobotany for this genus: http://naeb.brit.org/uses/search/?string=lactuca

Where does it grow in Florida? http://www.florida.plantatlas.usf.edu/Plant.aspx?id=3166

Photos of buds and blooms: https://whatfloridanativeplantisbloomingtoday.wordpress.com/2014/02/11/grassleaf-lettuce-lactuca-graminifolia-3/

###

WHAT FLORIDA NATIVE PLANT IS BLOOMING TODAY?: ROUNDPOD ST. JOHN’S-WORT (Hypericum cistifolium)

This species of Hypericum I actually think is prettiest when the flowers fade. The seed pods are a beautiful rusty-red color that in contrast with the green leaves gives a showy display. Frequented by pollinators. This is one of the many native St. John’s-wort that call Florida home.

Learn: http://www.fnps.org/plants/plant/hypericum-cistifolium

Note that the species used in the commercially available supplements is not native.

Native American Ethnobotany for this genus: http://naeb.brit.org/uses/search/?string=hypericum

Where does it grow in Florida? http://www.florida.plantatlas.usf.edu/Plant.aspx?id=1028

My take: http://nativeplantwildlifegarden.com/depressed-try-st-johns-wort-in-your-garden/

###

WHAT FLORIDA NATIVE PLANT IS BLOOMING TODAY?™: DAHOON (Holly) Ilex cassine

Beautiful, versatile, dioecious tree. Be sure to have a nearby male in order for the female to produce the stunning red berries. Makes a great specimen.

Learn: http://www.fnps.org/plants/plant/ilex-cassine

Native American Ethnobotany for this genus: http://naeb.brit.org/uses/search/?string=Ilex+cassine

Attracts Pollinators. multiple bird species feast on the berries throughout winter and into spring.

Where does it grow in Florida? http://www.florida.plantatlas.usf.edu/Plant.aspx?id=3866

###

WHAT FLORIDA NATIVE PLANT IS BLOOMING TODAY?: PURPLE THISTLE; HORRID THISTLE (Cirsium horridulum)

New to my home species list.  Thanks to the bird, mammal or wind that planted this…it was a nice surprise.

Native American Ethnobotany for this genus: http://naeb.brit.org/uses/search/?string=Cirsium+horridulum

Larval Host: Little Metalmark Butterfly; Ive seen other notations that Cirsium spp. may be a host for the Painted lady Butterfly as well.

Learn: https://www.fnps.org/plants/plant/cirsium-horridulum

Learn more: https://regionalconservation.org/beta/nfyn/PD_PFriendly.asp?tx=Cirshorr

Where does it grow in Florida? https://florida.plantatlas.usf.edu/Plant.aspx?id=3210

Included in an article “native edibles for salads” (Palmetto 1992)

Click to access deuerling_dick__peggy_lantz_salads__native_wild_foods_series_vol_12_no_1_spring_1992.pdf

Thistles can be a playground of biodiversity:
My take: https://floridawildlifegardentails.wordpress.com/2018/05/09/the-biodiversity-of-a-single-native-plant/

###

WHAT FLORIDA NATIVE PLANT IS BLOOMING TODAY?:  SWAMP BAY (Persea palustris)

Aromatic leaves.  Larval host: Palamedes Swallowtail Butterfly (Papilio palamedes), Spicebush Swallowtail (P. troilus) and Schaus Swallowtail (P. aristodemus) also host to Redbay Psyllid (Trioza magnoliae).

Prone to Laurel Wilt Disease which is causing dieoff of this beautiful species.

Learn: http://www.fnps.org/plants/plant/persea-palustris

Where does it grow in Florida?:  http://www.florida.plantatlas.usf.edu/Plant.aspx?id=2064

Native American Ethnobotany for this genus: http://naeb.brit.org/uses/search/?string=persea+palustris

My take:  https://floridawildlifegardentails.wordpress.com/2017/03/24/will-the-palamedes-swallowtail-butterfly-survive/

###

WHAT FLORIDA NATIVE PLANT IS BLOOMING TODAY?™: AMERICAN ELDER; ELDERBERRY (Sambucus nigra subsp. canadensis)

“At least 50 species of songbirds, upland game birds, and small mammals relish the fruit of American elder during summer and early fall. White-tailed deer browse the twigs, foliage and fruit during the summer. American elder is outstanding as nesting cover for small birds. During summer, the partial shade under American elder promotes a dense ground cover of grasses and forbs that offers good loafing or feeding areas for broods of young pheasants and quail.

American elder can be used for erosion control on moist sites. It pioneers on some strip-mine spoils and may occasionally be useful for reclamation planting.

…Elderberries are also attractive to makers of pies, jellies and wine”

caution: new growth may be toxic to livestock.

source: USDA Fact Sheet:
http://plants.usda.gov/factsheet/pdf/fs_sanic4.pdf

“Sambucol might therefore be beneficial to the immune system activation and in the inflammatory process in healthy individuals or in patients with various diseases. Sambucol could also have an immunoprotective or immunostimulatory effect when administered to cancer or AIDS patients, in conjunction with chemotherapeutic or other treatments.” source: Barak V, Halperin T, Kalickman I., The effect of Sambucol, a black elderberry-based, natural product, on the production of human cytokines: I. Inflammatory cytokines. Eur Cytokine Netw. 2001 Apr-Jun;12(2):290-6.

Learn: http://www.fnps.org/plants/plant/sambucus-nigra-subsp-canadensis

Native American Ethnobotany for this genus: http://naeb.brit.org/uses/search/?string=Sambucus

Where does it grow in Florida? http://www.florida.plantatlas.usf.edu/Plant.aspx?id=2186

###