WHAT FLORIDA NATIVE PLANT IS BLOOMING TODAY?: RABBITBELLS (Crotalaria rotundifolia)

Also known as rattlebox. Low growing member of the pea family; may be toxic to cattle.

Larval Host: Bella Moth (Utetheisa ornatrix); ceraunus blue butterfly (Hemiargus ceraunus)

Learn: http://regionalconservation.org/beta/nfyn/plantdetail.asp?tx=Crotrotu

Fact sheet explaining Native vs. Non-native of this genus: http://bugwoodcloud.org/CDN/floridainvasives/CrotalariaSpecies-rattlebox.pdf

Native American Ethnobotany for this genus: http://naeb.brit.org/uses/search/?string=Crotalaria+rotundifolia

Where does it grow in Florida? http://www.florida.plantatlas.usf.edu/Plant.aspx?id=3328

My take: https://floridawildlifegardentails.wordpress.com/2017/04/29/we-dont-all-eat-leaves-you-know/

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WHAT FLORIDA NATIVE PLANT IS BLOOMING TODAY?: BALDWIN’S ERYNGO (Eryngium baldwinii)

a.k.a. Matted-button snakeroot, this ground vine is so tiny it can easily be overlooked. A member of the CARROT FAMILY (APIACEAE)

Butterfly larval food: Black Swallowtail: http://www.nsis.org/garden/family/carrot.html

Learn: http://pinellas.fnpschapters.org/index.php?id=Eryngiums

Native American Ethnobotany for this genus: http://naeb.brit.org/uses/search/?string=Eryngium

Where does it grow in Florida?: http://www.florida.plantatlas.usf.edu/Plant.aspx?id=2628

you can see how tiny this prostrate vine is

from 2013:

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WHAT FLORIDA NATIVE PLANT IS BLOOMING TODAY?: SOUTHERN BEEBLOSSOM (Oenothera simulans)

synonym: Gaura angustifolia

Tall, lanky annual wildflower (3-4ft) attracts pollinators. The flowers start out white and turn pink overnight; flowers only last a day. May be aggressive as it freely self seeds.

Larval Host: Clouded Crimson Flower Moth (Schinia gaurae); HUMMINGBIRDS will nectar at this plant.

Learn: http://2bnthewild.com/plants/H59.htm

Native American Ethnobotany for this genus: http://naeb.brit.org/uses/search/?string=Oenothera

Where does it grow in Florida? http://www.florida.plantatlas.usf.edu/Plant.aspx?id=3271

My take: http://web.archive.org/web/20140729110202/http://www.beautifulwildlifegarden.com/just-in-time-for-national-moth-week.html

Clouded Crimson Moth (Schinia gaurae) uses Southern Beeblossom (Oenothera simulans) as a larval host. Shown here nectaring on Bidens alba

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WHAT FLORIDA NATIVE PLANT IS BLOOMING TODAY?:  GREENBRIER (Smilax sp.)

Smilax sp.

I have to wait for the berries to be sure, but this is likely S. auriculata which is a thorny vine with large edible potato-like tubers. fresh growth also edible by humans and enjoyed by rabbits. Deer and black bear also forage. berries provide food for birds and the thickets produced provide excellent cover for wildlife.

There are 12 Smilax spp. documented for Florida and all are considered native. http://www.florida.plantatlas.usf.edu/Results.aspx?cat=genus&text=smilax

Ethno: http://www.naturalmedicinalherbs.net/include/searchherb.php?herbsearch=smilax

Learn: http://www.eattheweeds.com/smilax-a-brier-and-that%E2%80%99s-no-bull/

Native American Ethnobotany for this genus: http://naeb.brit.org/uses/search/?string=Smilax

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WHAT FLORIDA NATIVE PLANT IS BLOOMING TODAY?: SAWTOOTH BLACKBERRY; PENNSYLVANIA BLACKBERRY (Rubus pensilvanicus)

SAWTOOTH BLACKBERRY; PENNSYLVANIA BLACKBERRY (Rubus pensilvanicus)

CAREFUL! Thorns! Pollinators and other Insects are drawn to the flowers, juicy berries are a favorite among birds, reptiles, insects and mammals, including me. Rabbits browse leaves as do some insects. Excellent cover.

Synonym: Rubus argutus

Learn: http://www.sfrc.ufl.edu/extension/4h/plants/Blackberry/index.html

Learn more: http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/ag238

Native American Ethnobotany for this genus: http://naeb.brit.org/uses/search/?string=Rubus

Where does it grow in Florida? http://www.florida.plantatlas.usf.edu/Plant.aspx?id=2256

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WHAT FLORIDA NATIVE PLANT IS BLOOMING TODAY?: PROCESSION FLOWER (Polygala incarnata)

Polygala incarnata

If you look carefully (zoom in) you’ll see a tiny spider waiting for dinner.

Easily overlooked until the pretty pink head blooms. A member of the Milkwort Family.

Learn: http://www.kswildflower.org/flower_details.php?flowerID=389

Where does it grow in Florida?:  http://www.florida.plantatlas.usf.edu/Plant.aspx?id=3418

Native American Ethnobotany for this genus: http://naeb.brit.org/uses/search/?string=polygala

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WHAT FLORIDA NATIVE PLANT IS BLOOMING TODAY?: CANADIAN TOADFLAX (Linaria canadensis)

CANADIAN TOADFLAX (Linaria canadensis)

CANADIAN TOADFLAX (Linaria canadensis)

This tall delicate wildflower which blooms in early spring looks great in a meadow. attracts pollinators

larval host: Buckeye butterfly (Junonia coernia)

Rabbits will eat it like it is spaghetti.

Learn: http://fnps.org/plants/plant/linaria-canadensis

Where does it grow in Florida? http://www.florida.plantatlas.usf.edu/Plant.aspx?id=774

February 2015

February 2015

Seeds available: http://www.floridawildflowers.com/products/Linaria-canadensis-%252d-Canada-Toad%C2%A0Flax.html

Breathtaking in a meadow. From March 2010

flagmarch2010

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WHAT FLORIDA NATIVE PLANT IS BLOOMING TODAY?: CAROLINA PONYSFOOT (Dichondra carolinensis)

Ponyfoot

Perennial Groundcover for moist to wet locations. Convolvulaceae (Morning-Glory Family).  Being cultivated in some states as an alternative to lawn.

Newly documentated for my native plant yard list (at over 200 species and counting).  It may have been a resident all these years as I may have thought it was just a seedling of the SPADELEAF (Centella asiatica) that is a favorite groundcover of mine.

Learn: http://www.regionalconservation.org/beta/nfyn/plantdetail.asp?tx=Dichcaro

Learn more: http://turfid.ncsu.edu/csPagedPdField.aspx?PlantID=DIORE

ponyfootjan2017a

Said to have medicinal qualities: https://southernherbalist.wordpress.com/2015/02/26/dichondra/

“a.k.a. Penny grass 2” Full sun, High salt tolerance.
Low-growing groundcover for edges and mass plantings. Inconspicuous flowers and evergreen foliage. Prefers moist soil.” source: http://miami-dade.ifas.ufl.edu/lawn_and_garden/fyn_pub_native_plantslist_orn_grass.shtml

ponyfootjan2017sizeWhere does it grow in Florida? http://www.florida.plantatlas.usf.edu/Plant.aspx?id=3101

Here you can see it is entwined with another great Florida native groundcover, MANYFLOWER MARSHPENNYWORT (Hydrocotyle umbellata)  The thick white roots belong to the pennywort.

Here you can see it is entwined with another great Florida native groundcover, MANYFLOWER MARSHPENNYWORT (Hydrocotyle umbellata) The thick white roots belong to the pennywort.

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WHAT FLORIDA NATIVE PLANT IS BLOOMING TODAY?: DWARF ST. JOHN’S-WORT (Hypericum mutilum)

dwarfhypericumjan2017One of the daintier Hypericum spp. it can often be overlooked with it’s delicate leaves and low growth habit. It grows in moist locations. Appreciated by early pollinators. The one commonly used in over-the-counter supplements is an exotic species.

Learn: http://www.florafinder.com/Species/Hypericum_mutilum.php

Learn more: http://regionalconservation.org/ircs/database/plants/PlantPage.asp?TXCODE=Hypemuti

Native American Ethnobotany for this genus: http://naeb.brit.org/uses/search/?string=Hypericum

Where does it grow in Florida? http://florida.plantatlas.usf.edu/Plant.aspx?id=3508

My take: https://floridawildlifegardentails.wordpress.com/2016/08/10/depressed-try-st-johns-wort-in-your-garden/

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WHAT FLORIDA NATIVE PLANT IS BLOOMING TODAY?: BULLTONGUE ARROWHEAD (Sagittaria lancifolia)

BULLTONGUE ARROWHEAD (Sagittaria lancifolia)

BULLTONGUE ARROWHEAD (Sagittaria lancifolia)

this emergent plant is called Duck potato by some, but this species doesn’t have the beefy potatoe-y corms of some other Sagittaria spp. The stalk ends are said to be edible (source: http://www.eattheweeds.com/wapato-all-its-quacked-up-to-be/)

Learn: http://www.fnps.org/plants/plant/sagittaria-lancifolia

Learn more: http://plants.ifas.ufl.edu/plant-directory/sagittaria-lancifolia/

Birds/Mammals eat the fruit, attracts pollinators.

Native American Ethnobotany for this genus: http://naeb.brit.org/uses/search/?string=Sagittaria+lancifolia

Where does it grow in Florida? http://www.florida.plantatlas.usf.edu/Plant.aspx?id=2817

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WHAT FLORIDA NATIVE PLANT IS BLOOMING TODAY?: AXILFLOWER (Mecardonia acuminata subsp. peninsularis)  low growing, dainty wildflower. This subspecies is endemic to Florida. I always find these out at the culvert.

axilflowerjan2017

axilflowerclosejan2017

Learn: http://regionalconservation.org/ircs/database/plants/PlantPage.asp?TXCODE=Mecaacumpeni

Learn more: http://2bnthewild.com/plants/H353.htm

Where does it grow in Florida? http://www.florida.plantatlas.usf.edu/Plant.aspx?id=1112

From July 2015:

axilflowerJuly2015

axilflowerjuly2015close

From May 2014:

axilflowermay2014

From October 2013:

axilfloweroct2013

From May 2013:

axilflowermay2013a

axilflowermay2013

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WHAT FLORIDA NATIVE PLANT IS BLOOMING TODAY?: FOURPETAL ST.JOHN’S-WORT (Hypericum tetrapetalum)

FOURPETAL ST.JOHN'S-WORT ( Hypericum tetrapetalum)

One of the many Hypericum that are native to Florida. The one commonly used in over-the-counter supplements is an exotic species.

As can be seen in the photo pollinators, such as this syrphid fly appreciate the bright yellow flowers.

Learn: http://fnps.org/plants/plant/hypericum-tetrapetalum

Native American Ethnobotany for this genus: http://naeb.brit.org/uses/search/?string=Hypericum

Where does it grow in Florida? http://www.florida.plantatlas.usf.edu/Plant.aspx?id=654

My take: Depressed? Try St. Johns Wort in Your Garden

https://floridawildlifegardentails.wordpress.com/2016/08/10/depressed-try-st-johns-wort-in-your-garden/

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WHAT FLORIDA NATIVE PLANT IS BLOOMING TODAY?: CLIMBING HEMPVINE (Mikania scandens)

hempvinedec2016

Low growing vine, will climb up fences, but doesnt provide deep coverage as other vines might. Dies back.

Can be a Larval host for Little Metalmark Butterfly (Calephelis virginiensis)

Nectar Source, showy flowers, heart shaped leaves.

Learn: http://regionalconservation.org/beta/nfyn/plantdetail.asp?tx=Mikascan

Native American Ethnobotany for this genus: http://naeb.brit.org/uses/search/?string=Mikania+scandens

Where does it grow in Florida? http://www.florida.plantatlas.usf.edu/Plant.aspx?id=3395

May 2014 (jagged ambush bug is hiding in there.

May 2014 (jagged ambush bug is hiding in there.

September 2011

September 2011

August 2013

August 2013

May 2013

May 2013

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WHAT FLORIDA NATIVE PLANT IS BLOOMING TODAY?: CAROLINA WILD PETUNIA (Ruellia caroliniensis)

petuniadec2016

Self seeding. A favorite of pollinators.

Learn:  http://regionalconservation.org/beta/nfyn/plantdetail.asp?tx=Ruelcaro

Learn more: http://www.fnps.org/plants/plant/ruellia-caroliniensis

Larval host: Common Buckeye (Junonia coenia) butterfly

Where does it grow in Florida? http://www.florida.plantatlas.usf.edu/Plant.aspx?id=812

June 2014

June 2014

June 2013

June 2013

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WHAT FLORIDA NATIVE PLANT IS BLOOMING TODAY?: ORANGE MILKWORT (Polygala lutea)

ORANGE MILKWORT (Polygala lutea)

ORANGE MILKWORT (Polygala lutea)

low growing biennial. You can’t miss the bright orange flowers. Likes boggy conditions.

Learn: http://2bnthewild.com/plants/H419.htm

Native American Ethnobotany for this genus: http://naeb.brit.org/uses/search/?string=Polygala+lutea

Where does it grow in Florida? http://www.florida.plantatlas.usf.edu/Plant.aspx?id=3417

Sometimes called candyroot

Sometimes called candyroot

February 2013

February 2013

November 2013

November 2013

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Friday Focus on Fruit: Florida Native Plant  PARTRIDGE PEA (Chamaecrista fasciculata)

Seed pods. Wait for them to turn brown before collecting.

Seed pods. Wait for them to turn brown before collecting.

More info, photos:  https://whatfloridanativeplantisbloomingtoday.wordpress.com/2015/05/26/partridge-pea-chamaecrista-fasciculata-4/

https://whatfloridanativeplantisbloomingtoday.wordpress.com/2014/05/18/partridge-pea-chamaecrista-fasciculata-3/

https://whatfloridanativeplantisbloomingtoday.wordpress.com/2013/12/28/partridge-pea-chamaecrista-fasciculata-2/

https://whatfloridanativeplantisbloomingtoday.wordpress.com/2013/06/28/partridge-pea-chamaecrista-fasciculata/

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WHAT FLORIDA NATIVE PLANT IS BLOOMING TODAY?: CATESBY’S LILY; PINE LILY (Lilium catesbaei)

This beauty popped up in my neighbor’s natural area, and was leaning on my fence. Always a nice surprise when they bloom.

Listed as Threatened Plants in the Preservation of Native Flora of Florida Act. Defined as species of plants native to the state that are in rapid decline in the number of plants within the state, but which have not so decreased in such number as to cause them to be endangered.

Learn: http://www.fnps.org/plants/plant/lilium-catesbaei

Where does it grow in Florida? http://www.florida.plantatlas.usf.edu/Plant.aspx?id=3148

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NOTE:  The initial posting misidentified this plant as RED BAY (Persea borbonia)

Friday Focus on Fruit: Florida Native Plant SWAMP BAY (Persea palustris)

focusfruitredbayAug2015

Larval host: Palamedes Swallowtail Butterfly (Papilio palamedes), Spicebush Swallowtail (P. troilus) and Schaus Swallowtail (P. aristodemus) also host to Redbay Psyllid (Trioza magnoliae)

Learn: http://www.fnps.org/plants/plant/persea-palustris

Where does it grow in Florida?:  http://www.florida.plantatlas.usf.edu/Plant.aspx?id=2064

Native American Ethnobotany for this genus: http://herb.umd.umich.edu/herb/search.pl?searchstring=persea+palustris

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WHAT FLORIDA NATIVE PLANT IS BLOOMING TODAY?: SENSITIVE PEA (Chamaecrista nictitans var. aspera)

A cousin to Partridge Pea, flowers somewhat smaller, plant height 1 to 1-1/2 ft. This annual is popular with pollinators. Freely self seeds. Synonym: Cassia nictitans

Learn: http://pinellas.fnpschapters.org/index.php?id=cassias

Larval host: Cloudless Sulphur (Phoebis sennae), Little Yellow (Eurema lisa) and Ceraunus Blue (Hemiargus ceraunus) Butterflies. {source: http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/uw057} and possibly Sleepy Orange (Eurema nicippe) {NABA}

Native American Ethnobotany for this genus: http://herb.umd.umich.edu/herb/search.pl?searchstring=Chamaecrista+nictitans

Where does it grow in Florida? http://www.florida.plantatlas.usf.edu/Plant.aspx?id=3223

My take: http://web.archive.org/web/20150316175325/http://www.beautifulwildlifegarden.com/enjoying-little-things-in-the-garden.html

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WHAT FLORIDA NATIVE PLANT IS BLOOMING TODAY?: WATER COWBANE (Tiedemannia filiformis)

Also referred to as Water Dropwort, it is an emersed member of the carrot family Apiaceae. In Florida, it blooms in late summer or early fall and can reach 2-3 in height Synonym: Oxypolis filiformis

Learn: http://www.nababutterfly.com/water_dropwort.html
http://regionalconservation.org/beta/nfyn/plantdetail.asp?tx=Oxypfili

Line drawing: http://web.archive.org/web/20110830191957/http://plants.ifas.ufl.edu/images/line_drawings/oxyfil2.jpg

Larval host: Black Swallowtail Butterfly and other arthropods

Where does it grow in Florida? http://www.florida.plantatlas.usf.edu/Plant.aspx?id=3233

My take: https://floridawildlifegardentails.wordpress.com/2015/08/05/aphids-are-good-wait-what/

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