Archive

Yellow Blooms

WHAT FLORIDA NATIVE PLANT IS BLOOMING TODAY?: BLACKEYED SUSAN (Rudbeckia hirta)

Blooms all year in warm areas. Freely self seeds. Bright flowers that are usually 2 ft. but can reach 3 ft in certain conditions.

Learn: http://www.fnps.org/plants/plant/rudbeckia-hirta

Loved by pollinators and spiders. Birds enjoy the seeds.

Native American Ethnobotany for this genus: http://naeb.brit.org/uses/search/?string=Rudbeckia+hirta

Where does it grow in Florida? http://www.florida.plantatlas.usf.edu/Plant.aspx?id=2286

My take: http://floridawildlifegardentails.wordpress.com/2017/03/06/five-minutes-with-susan-in-the-garden/

Seeds available: http://www.floridawildflowers.com/products/Rudbeckia-hirta-%252d-Blackeyed%C2%A0Susan.html

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WHAT FLORIDA NATIVE PLANT IS BLOOMING TODAY?: VIRGINIA CREEPER; WOODBINE (Parthenocissus quinquefolia)

Deciduous vine in the grape family provides spectacular fall color. can be grown on masonary surfaces without damage but use caution if planted near painted surfaces.

Can be grown as a ground cover but will always attempt to climb anything nearby. Freely self seeds so can be aggressive, but provides great cover and food value for wildlife especially insects and birds.

 

Berries From September 2016:

Larval Host: Moths including several Sphinx moths.

Learn: http://www.fnps.org/plants/plant/parthenocissus-quinquefolia

I’ve had Brown Thrashers successfully nest in my vine.

Learn more wildlife value: http://plants.usda.gov/factsheet/pdf/fs_paqu2.pdf

Sap may cause allergic reaction to some.

Native American Ethnobotany for this genus: http://naeb.brit.org/uses/search/?string=parthenocissus+quinquefolia

Where does it grow in Florida? http://www.florida.plantatlas.usf.edu/Plant.aspx?id=3742

From 2015: virginiacreepermay2015a

buds

buds

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WHAT FLORIDA NATIVE PLANT IS BLOOMING TODAY?: WILD LIME; LIME PRICKLYASH (Zanthoxylum fagara)

Pretty aromatic tree. Watch the thorns! Provides cover for fauna, fruits eaten by wildlife.

Larval host: Giant Swallowtail (Papilio cresphontes) and Schaus’ Swallowtail (Heraclides aristodemus) (in range)

Learn: http://www.fnps.org/plants/plant/zanthoxylum-fagara

Native American Ethnobotany for this genus: http://naeb.brit.org/uses/search/?string=Zanthoxylum+fagara

Where does it grow in Florida? http://www.florida.plantatlas.usf.edu/Plant.aspx?id=2804

The honeybees were visiting this plant en masse this week.

exotic honeybees were feasting at this beautiful native

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WHAT FLORIDA NATIVE PLANT IS BLOOMING TODAY?: RABBITBELLS (Crotalaria rotundifolia)

Also known as rattlebox. Low growing member of the pea family; may be toxic to cattle.

Larval Host: Bella Moth (Utetheisa ornatrix); ceraunus blue butterfly (Hemiargus ceraunus)

Learn: http://regionalconservation.org/beta/nfyn/plantdetail.asp?tx=Crotrotu

Fact sheet explaining Native vs. Non-native of this genus: http://bugwoodcloud.org/CDN/floridainvasives/CrotalariaSpecies-rattlebox.pdf

Native American Ethnobotany for this genus: http://naeb.brit.org/uses/search/?string=Crotalaria+rotundifolia

Where does it grow in Florida? http://www.florida.plantatlas.usf.edu/Plant.aspx?id=3328

My take: https://floridawildlifegardentails.wordpress.com/2017/04/29/we-dont-all-eat-leaves-you-know/

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WHAT FLORIDA NATIVE PLANT IS BLOOMING TODAY?: DWARF ST. JOHN’S-WORT (Hypericum mutilum)

dwarfhypericumjan2017One of the daintier Hypericum spp. it can often be overlooked with it’s delicate leaves and low growth habit. It grows in moist locations. Appreciated by early pollinators. The one commonly used in over-the-counter supplements is an exotic species.

Learn: http://www.florafinder.com/Species/Hypericum_mutilum.php

Learn more: http://regionalconservation.org/ircs/database/plants/PlantPage.asp?TXCODE=Hypemuti

Native American Ethnobotany for this genus: http://naeb.brit.org/uses/search/?string=Hypericum

Where does it grow in Florida? http://florida.plantatlas.usf.edu/Plant.aspx?id=3508

My take: https://floridawildlifegardentails.wordpress.com/2016/08/10/depressed-try-st-johns-wort-in-your-garden/

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WHAT FLORIDA NATIVE PLANT IS BLOOMING TODAY?: FOURPETAL ST.JOHN’S-WORT (Hypericum tetrapetalum)

FOURPETAL ST.JOHN'S-WORT ( Hypericum tetrapetalum)

One of the many Hypericum that are native to Florida. The one commonly used in over-the-counter supplements is an exotic species.

As can be seen in the photo pollinators, such as this syrphid fly appreciate the bright yellow flowers.

Learn: http://fnps.org/plants/plant/hypericum-tetrapetalum

Native American Ethnobotany for this genus: http://naeb.brit.org/uses/search/?string=Hypericum

Where does it grow in Florida? http://www.florida.plantatlas.usf.edu/Plant.aspx?id=654

My take: Depressed? Try St. Johns Wort in Your Garden

https://floridawildlifegardentails.wordpress.com/2016/08/10/depressed-try-st-johns-wort-in-your-garden/

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Friday Focus on Fruit: Florida Native Plant  PARTRIDGE PEA (Chamaecrista fasciculata)

Seed pods. Wait for them to turn brown before collecting.

Seed pods. Wait for them to turn brown before collecting.

More info, photos:  https://whatfloridanativeplantisbloomingtoday.wordpress.com/2015/05/26/partridge-pea-chamaecrista-fasciculata-4/

https://whatfloridanativeplantisbloomingtoday.wordpress.com/2014/05/18/partridge-pea-chamaecrista-fasciculata-3/

https://whatfloridanativeplantisbloomingtoday.wordpress.com/2013/12/28/partridge-pea-chamaecrista-fasciculata-2/

https://whatfloridanativeplantisbloomingtoday.wordpress.com/2013/06/28/partridge-pea-chamaecrista-fasciculata/

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WHAT FLORIDA NATIVE PLANT IS BLOOMING TODAY?: SENSITIVE PEA (Chamaecrista nictitans var. aspera)

A cousin to Partridge Pea, flowers somewhat smaller, plant height 1 to 1-1/2 ft. This annual is popular with pollinators. Freely self seeds. Synonym: Cassia nictitans

Learn: http://pinellas.fnpschapters.org/index.php?id=cassias

Larval host: Cloudless Sulphur (Phoebis sennae), Little Yellow (Eurema lisa) and Ceraunus Blue (Hemiargus ceraunus) Butterflies. {source: http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/uw057} and possibly Sleepy Orange (Eurema nicippe) {NABA}

Native American Ethnobotany for this genus: http://herb.umd.umich.edu/herb/search.pl?searchstring=Chamaecrista+nictitans

Where does it grow in Florida? http://www.florida.plantatlas.usf.edu/Plant.aspx?id=3223

My take: http://web.archive.org/web/20150316175325/http://www.beautifulwildlifegarden.com/enjoying-little-things-in-the-garden.html

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WHAT FLORIDA NATIVE PLANT IS BLOOMING TODAY?: CUBAN JUTE; INDIAN HEMP (Sida rhombifolia)

May be used in making cord and said to have some use in herbal medicines/teas. may contain Ephedrine.

Can be aggressive with abundant seeds. Supports wildlife: shown is a sweat bee and off to the left side is a leaf beetle, possibly Pachybrachis sp.

Learn: http://www.prota4u.org/protav8.asp?h=M4,rhombifolia&p=Sida+rhombifolia

Larval host: Mallow Scrub-Hairstreak (Strymon istapa), Checkered-Skippers (Pyrgus spp.),

Native American Ethnobotany for this genus: http://herb.umd.umich.edu/herb/search.pl?searchstring=Sida

Where does it grow in Florida? http://www.florida.plantatlas.usf.edu/Plant.aspx?id=2741

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WHAT FLORIDA NATIVE PLANT IS BLOOMING TODAY?: WINGED SUMAC (Rhus copallinum)

Small tree/shrub. Spreads by runners. Berries can be used in jelly and lemonade flavored drink and in producing dye.

Pollinator MAGNET! sweat bee shown

Berries enjoyed by wild turkey, grouse and many songbirds. Browsed by rabbits/deer. Larval host

Larval host: Redbanded Hairstreak (Calycopis cecrops) which uses detritus (leaf litter).
Possible host: Luna Moth (Actias luna) and Royal Walnut Moth (Citheronia regalis).

Learn: http://www.fs.fed.us/database/feis/plants/shrub/rhucop/all.html

Growing info: http://www.fnps.org/plants/plant/rhus-copallinum

Native American Ethnobotany for this genus: http://herb.umd.umich.edu/herb/search.pl?searchstring=Rhus+copallinum

Where does it grow in Florida? http://www.florida.plantatlas.usf.edu/Plant.aspx?id=3543

My take: http://nativeplantwildlifegarden.com/winged-sumacfull-of-wings/

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WHAT FLORIDA NATIVE PLANT IS BLOOMING TODAY?: TALL YELLOWEYED GRASS (Xyris platylepis)

Despite the flower color it is still called yelloweyed grass. This is one of two species in this genus that can have white or yellow flowers (the other is X. caroliniana).

There are 24 Xyris species are listed as native to FL (ISB).

Learn: FNPS Palmetto article http://www.fnps.org/assets/pdf/palmetto/v18i2p14lee.pdf

Native American Ethnobotany for this genus: http://herb.umd.umich.edu/herb/search.pl?searchstring=Xyris

Where does it grow in Florida? http://www.florida.plantatlas.usf.edu/Plant.aspx?id=2389

Seeds for a similar species are available from Florida Wildflowers Growers Coop:

http://www.floridawildflowers.com/products/Xyris-difformis-%252d-Bog-Yelloweyed%C2%A0Grass.html

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WHAT FLORIDA NATIVE PLANT IS BLOOMING TODAY?: HUMPED BLADDERWORT (Utricularia gibba)

carnivorous wetland plant. These grow on the tussuck (island) in my pond and occasionally in the littoral zone.

Learn: http://regionalconservation.org/beta/nfyn/plantdetail.asp?tx=Utrigibb

Where does it grow in Florida? http://www.florida.plantatlas.usf.edu/Plant.aspx?id=3522

My take: http://www.beautifulwildlifegarden.com/like-bladderworts-that-depends.html

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WHAT FLORIDA NATIVE PLANT IS BLOOMING TODAY?: CAROLINA REDROOT (Lachnanthes caroliana)

Pollinator magnet for wet locations. Roots can be used as a dye.

Learn: http://www.fnps.org/plants/plant/lachnanthes-caroliana

Native American Ethnobotany for this genus: http://herb.umd.umich.edu/herb/search.pl?searchstring=Lachnanthes+caroliana

Where does it grow in Florida? http://www.florida.plantatlas.usf.edu/Plant.aspx?id=828

My take: http://www.beautifulwildlifegarden.com/pollinator-playground-carolina-redroot.html

Seeds available: http://www.floridawildflowers.com/products/Lachnanthes-caroliniana-Carolina-Redroot%2C-Bloodroot.html
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WHAT FLORIDA NATIVE PLANT IS BLOOMING TODAY?: SMALLFRUIT PRIMROSEWILLOW (Ludwigia microcarpa)

With the small non-descript flowers, it is easily overlooked. Likes it wet. Grows as a ground cover in the pond margins.

Learn: http://regionalconservation.org/ircs/database/plants/PlantPage.asp?TXCODE=Ludwmicr

Native American Ethnobotany for this genus: http://herb.umd.umich.edu/herb/search.pl?searchstring=Ludwigia

Where does it grow in Florida? http://www.florida.plantatlas.usf.edu/Plant.aspx?id=3235

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WHAT FLORIDA NATIVE PLANT IS BLOOMING TODAY?: VIRGINIA CREEPER; WOODBINE (Parthenocissus quinquefolia)

virginiacreepermay2015aDeciduous vine in the grape family provides spectacular fall color. can be grown on masonary surfaces without damage but use caution if planted near painted surfaces.

Can be grown as a ground cover. Freely self seeds so can be aggressive, but provides great cover and food value for wildlife especially insects and birds.

Larval Host: Moths including several Sphinx moths.

Learn: http://www.fnps.org/plants/plant/parthenocissus-quinquefolia

Learn wildlife value: http://plants.usda.gov/factsheet/pdf/fs_paqu2.pdf

Sap may cause allergic reaction to some.

Native American Ethnobotany for this genus: http://naeb.brit.org/uses/search/?string=parthenocissus+quinquefolia

Where does it grow in Florida? http://www.florida.plantatlas.usf.edu/Plant.aspx?id=3742

buds

buds

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WHAT FLORIDA NATIVE PLANT IS BLOOMING TODAY?: MYRTLELEAF ST. JOHNS-WORT (Hypericum myrtifolium)

requires wet conditions.

Learn: http://www.fnps.org/plants/plant/hypericum-myrtifolium

Native American Ethnobotany for this genus: http://herb.umd.umich.edu/herb/search.pl?searchstring=Hypericum

Where does it grow in Florida? http://www.florida.plantatlas.usf.edu/Plant.aspx?id=1014

My http://nativeplantwildlifegarden.com/depressed-try-st-johns-wort-in-your-garden/

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WHAT FLORIDA NATIVE PLANT IS BLOOMING TODAY?: PARTRIDGE PEA (Chamaecrista fasciculata)

Great for wildlife: Birds eat the seeds, pollinators attracted to nectar/pollen.

larval host: cloudless sulfur (Phoebis senna), gray hairstreak (Strymon melinus), orange sulphur (Colias eurytheme), sleepy orange (Abaeis nicippe), little yellow (Eurema lisa) and ceraunus blue (Hemiargus ceraunus) butterflies.

Learn: http://fnps.org/plants/plant/chamaecrista-fasciculata

Where does it grow in Florida? http://www.florida.plantatlas.usf.edu/Plant.aspx?id=3026

My take on the color change in caterpillars based on which part of the plant they eat can be read here: https://floridawildlifegardentails.wordpress.com/2015/08/01/are-you-what-you-eat-in-the-wildlife-garden/

Native American Ethnobotany for this genus: http://herb.umd.umich.edu/herb/search.pl?searchstring=Chamaecrista+fasciculata

Seeds available: http://www.floridawildflowers.com/products/Chamaecrista-fasciculata-%252d-Partridge-Pea.html

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WHAT FLORIDA NATIVE PLANT IS BLOOMING TODAY?: LAUREL OAK; DIAMOND OAK (Quercus laurifolia)

There are dozens of native oaks in Florida. This particular oak was planted by a bird and has grown quickly and with a beautiful pyramid shape. It loses it leaves slowly in January as the new leaves appear so the tree is never completely bare. The portion hanging down is a catkin and it the male flower of the tree.

larval host: Horaces Duskywing (Erynnis horatius) and White M Hairstreak (Parrhasius m-album)

Learn: http://www.fnps.org/plants/plant/quercus-laurifolia

Birds flock to this tree. One day this week I saw blue jay, titmouse, yellow rumped warbler, catbird, hairy woodpecker, red bellied woodpecker, mockingbird, grackle all with just 15 minutes of observation. I’ve had nesting doves and mockingbirds use it over the years.

Native American Ethnobotany for this genus: http://herb.umd.umich.edu/herb/search.pl?searchstring=Quercus+laurifolia

Where does it grow in Florida? http://www.florida.plantatlas.usf.edu/Plant.aspx?id=3901

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WHAT FLORIDA NATIVE PLANT IS BLOOMING TODAY?: CORAL HONEYSUCKLE; TRUMPET HONEYSUCKLE (Lonicera sempervirens)

Well behaved twining vine that will climb a fence, arbor or cover the ground if there is nothing to climb. Better blooms when there is support. Will retain leaves except in colder temperatures.

Attracts: hummingbirds, butterflies; fruits attract birds, great cover for rabbits/reptiles

larval host: Spring Azure Butterfly (Celastrina ladon); Giant Leopard Moth Caterpillar (Hypercompe scribonia) and Snowberry Clearwing Moth (Hemaris diffinis) (in range)

Learn: http://fnps.org/plants/plant/lonicera-sempervirens

Native American Ethnobotany for this genus: http://herb.umd.umich.edu/herb/search.pl?searchstring=Lonicera

Where does it grow in Florida? http://www.florida.plantatlas.usf.edu/Plant.aspx?id=3861

My take: http://www.beautifulwildlifegarden.com/leap-year-in-the-garden.html

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WHAT FLORIDA NATIVE PLANT IS BLOOMING TODAY?: YELLOW JESSAMINE; CAROLINA JESSAMINE; EVENING TRUMPETFLOWER (Gelsemium sempervirens)

NOTE: All parts TOXIC!

twining evergreen vine.

Learn: http://plants.ces.ncsu.edu/plants/all/gelsemium-sempervirens/

Native American Ethnobotany for this genus: http://herb.umd.umich.edu/herb/search.pl?searchstring=gelsemium+sempervirens

Where does it grow in Florida? http://www.florida.plantatlas.usf.edu/Plant.aspx?id=874

Herbal info: http://www.henriettes-herb.com/eclectic/ellingwood/gelsemium.html

Per: http://www.webmd.com/vitamins-supplements/ingredientmono-455-GELSEMIUM.aspx?activeIngredientId=455&activeIngredientName=GELSEMIUM

“Despite serious safety concerns, the root and underground stem (rhizome) of gelsemium are used to make medicine. Gelsemium
is used as a painkiller for migraineheadaches and for face pain (trigeminal neuralgia) caused by certain facial nerves. It is
also used for asthma and other breathing problems.”
“Gelsemium is UNSAFE. All parts of the plant are very poisonous. Even small amounts can cause serious toxicity, including death. Symptoms of poisoning include headache, vision problems, difficulty swallowing, dizziness, muscle problems, seizures, breathing problems, slowing of the heart, and others.”
source:

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